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Holographic spectrum splitter for ultra-high efficiency photovoltaics

Darbe, Sunita and Escarra, Matthew D. and Warmann, Emily C. and Atwater, Harry A. (2013) Holographic spectrum splitter for ultra-high efficiency photovoltaics. In: High and Low Concentrator Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII. Proceedings of SPIE. No.8821. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 882105. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180706-135846642

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Abstract

To move beyond the efficiency limits of single-junction solar cells, junctions of different bandgaps must be used to avoid losses from lack of absorption of low energy photons and energy lost as excited carriers thermalize to the semiconductor band edge. Traditional tandem multijunction solar cells are limited, however, by lattice-matching and current-matching constraints. As an alternative we propose a lateral multijunction design in which a compound holographic optic splits the solar spectrum into four frequency bands each incident on a dual-junction, III-V tandem cell with bandgaps matched to the spectral band. The compound splitting element is composed of four stacks of three volume phase holographic diffraction gratings. Each stack of three diffracts three bands and allows a fourth to pass straight through to a cell placed beneath the stack, with each of the three gratings in the stack responsible for diffracting one frequency band. Generalized coupled wave analysis is used to model the holographic splitting. Concentration is achieved using compound parabolic trough concentrators. An iterative design process includes updating the ideal bandgaps of the four dual-junction cells to account for photon misallocation after design of the optic. Simulation predicts a two-terminal efficiency of 36.14% with 380x concentration including realistic losses.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2024610DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Darbe, Sunita0000-0002-8099-1814
Escarra, Matthew D.0000-0002-0232-942X
Warmann, Emily C.0000-0002-2810-4608
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Additional Information:© 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). The information, data, or work presented herein was funded in part by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), U.S. Department of Energy, under Award Number DE-AR0000333. The authors acknowledge the Dow Chemical Company for funding. Thanks to E. Kosten for useful discussion.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AR0000333
Dow Chemical CompanyUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:spectrum splitting, holographic optical element, photovoltaics, photonic design, III-V semiconductor material
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:8821
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180706-135846642
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180706-135846642
Official Citation:Sunita Darbe, Matthew D. Escarra, Emily C. Warmann, Harry A. Atwater, "Holographic spectrum splitter for ultra-high efficiency photovoltaics", Proc. SPIE 8821, High and Low Concentrator Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII, 882105 (9 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024610; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2024610
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87608
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:09 Jul 2018 14:51
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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