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Organic electro-optic glasses for WDM applications

Dalton, Larry and Scherer, Axel and Chen, Antao and Jen, Alex and Reid, Philip and Robinson, Bruce and Eichinger, Bruce and Hochberg, M. and Baehr-Jones, T. and Pyajt, Anna and Takayesu, Jocelyn and Sullivan, Philip and Akelaitis, Andrew and Lawson, Rhys and Bale, Denise and Haller, Marnie and Luo, Jingdong and Liu, Sen and Liao, Yi and Firestone, Kimberly and Bhattacharjee, Sanchali and Sinness, Jessica and Hammond, Scott and Sgro, Allyson and Buker, Nicholas and Snoeberger, Robert and Lingwood, Mark and Steier, William (2005) Organic electro-optic glasses for WDM applications. In: Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications V. Proceedings of SPIE. No.6014. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 60140P. ISBN 0819460389. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180709-134329125

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Abstract

This communication primarily deals with utilizing organic electro-optic (OEO) materials for the fabrication of active wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) transmitter/receiver systems and reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers (ROADMs), including the fabrication of hybrid OEO/silicon photonic devices. Fabrication is carried out by a variety of techniques including soft and nanoimprint lithography. The production of conformal and flexible ring microresonator devices is also discussed. The fabrication of passive devices is also briefly reviewed. Critical to the realization of improved performance for devices fabricated from OEO materials has been the improvement of electro-optic activity to values of 300 pm/V (or greater) at telecommunication wavelengths. This improvement in materials has been realized exploiting a theoretically-inspired (quantum and statistical mechanics) paradigm for the design of chromophores with dramatically improved molecular first hyperpolarizability and that exhibit intermolecular electrostatic interactions that promote self-assembly, under the influence of an electric poling field, into noncentrosymmetric macroscopic lattices. New design paradigms have also been developed for improving the glass transition of these materials, which is critical for thermal and photochemical stability and for optimizing processing protocols such as nanoimprint lithography. Ring microresonator devices discussed in this communication were initially fabricated using chromophore guest/polymer host materials characterized by electro-optic coefficients on the order of 50 pm/V (at telecommunication wavelengths). Voltage-controlled optical tuning of the pass band of these ring microresonators was experimental determined to lie in the range 1-10 GHz/V or all-organic and for OEO/silicon photonic devices. With new materials, values approaching 50 GHz/V should be possible. Values as high as 300 GHz/V may ultimately be achievable.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.634366DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 2005 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). The authors wish to thank the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the National Science Foundation (DMR-0092380 and DMR-0120967) for partial support of this research.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)UNSPECIFIED
NSFDMR-0092380
NSFDMR-0120967
Subject Keywords:Electro-optic ring microresonators, silicon photonics, molecular first hyperpolarizability, wavelength division multiplexing, reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexing, optical rectification, organic EO materials
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180709-134329125
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180709-134329125
Official Citation:Larry Dalton, Axel Scherer, Antao Chen, Alex Jen, Philip Reid, Bruce Robinson, Bruce Eichinger, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, Anna Pyajt, Jocelyn Takayesu, Philip Sullivan, Andrew Akelaitis, Rhys Lawson, Denise Bale, Marnie Haller, Jingdong Luo, Sen Liu, Yi Liao, Kimberly Firestone, Sanchali Bhattacharjee, Jessica Sinness, Scott Hammond, Allyson Sgro, Nicholas Buker, Robert Snoeberger, Mark Lingwood, William Steier, "Organic electro-optic glasses for WDM applications", Proc. SPIE 6014, Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications V, 60140P (24 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.634366; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.634366
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87655
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:09 Jul 2018 21:53
Last Modified:09 Jul 2018 21:53

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