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Clinical Outcomes in Children With Orbital Cellulitis and Radiographic Globe Tenting

Lindsay, Rebecca A. and Weiss, Avery H. and Kelly, John P. and Anderson, Valerie C. and Lindsay, Theodore H. and Cabrera, Michelle T. (2018) Clinical Outcomes in Children With Orbital Cellulitis and Radiographic Globe Tenting. Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 34 (4). pp. 329-332. ISSN 0740-9303. doi:10.1097/IOP.0000000000000976.

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Purpose: Axial displacement of the globe with tenting centered on the optic nerve-globe junction is a predictor of visual loss in adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the visual outcomes of children with orbital cellulitis and globe tenting. Methods: The records of 46 consecutive children with orbital cellulitis at a single tertiary children’s hospital were reviewed retrospectively. Initial and final visual acuities were available for 34 of 46 patients (74%). Globe tenting was defined by an angle of 130° or less at the optic nerve-globe junction as derived from sagittal CT or MRI. Visual acuities of 4 children with globe tenting (mean age, 10.3 ± 3.3 years) were compared with those of 30 children without globe tenting (mean age, 10.8 ± 3.5 years). Final logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuities were analyzed. Results: The mean posterior globe angle was 124.5° ± 8.0° in patients with globe tenting, compared with 145.6° ± 7.4° in the affected eye of the patients without globe tenting (p = 0.002). Final visual acuity was logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution = 0 following treatment in patients with globe tenting and logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution = 0.02 in patients without tenting (p = 0.70). Discussion: We propose that the increased elastic compliance of the optic nerve sheath and sclera in children may contribute to better visual outcomes. Conclusions: Pediatric orbital cellulitis with globe tenting may not lead to devastating vision loss as previously seen in adults.

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Additional Information:© 2018 American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180716-075828983
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87864
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:16 Jul 2018 16:31
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 00:21

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