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First Keck Interferometer measurements in self-phase referencing mode: spatially resolving circum-stellar line emission of 48 Lib

Pott, J.-U. and Akeson, R. L. and Hillenbrand, L. A. and Millan-Gabet, R. and Colavita, M. M. and Felizardo, C. and Herstein, J. (2010) First Keck Interferometer measurements in self-phase referencing mode: spatially resolving circum-stellar line emission of 48 Lib. In: Optical and Infrared Interferometry II. Proceedings of SPIE. No.7734. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 77340P. ISBN 9780819482242.

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Recently, the Keck interferometer was upgraded to do self-phase-referencing (SPR) assisted K-band spectroscopy at R ~ 2000. This means, combining a spectral resolution of 150 km/s with an angular resolution of 2.7 mas, while maintaining high sensitiviy. This SPR mode operates two fringe trackers in parallel, and explores several infrastructural requirements for off-axis phase-referencing, as currently being implemented as the KI-ASTRA project. The technology of self-phasereferencing opens the way to reach very high spectral resolution in near-infrared interferometry. We present the scientific capabilities of the KI-SPR mode in detail, at the example of observations of the Be-star 48 Lib. Several spectral lines of the cirumstellar disk are resolved. We describe the first detection of Pfund-lines in an interferometric spectrum of a Be star, in addition to Br γ. The differential phase signal can be used to (i) distinguish circum-stellar line emission from the star, (ii) to directly measure line asymmetries tracing an asymetric gas density distribution, (iii) to reach a differential, astrometric precision beyond single-telescope limits sufficient for studying the radial disk structure. Our data support the existence of a radius-dependent disk density perturbation, typically used to explain slow variations of Be-disk hydrogen line profiles.

Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Pott, J.-U.0000-0003-4291-2078
Akeson, R. L.0000-0001-9674-1564
Millan-Gabet, R.0000-0003-0447-5866
Additional Information:© 2010 Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). The realization of the KI-ASTRA upgrade is supported by the NSF MRI grant, AST-0619965. The data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. The Keck Interferometer is funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as part of its Exoplanet Exploration program. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System Bibliographic Services. This work has made use of the BeSS database, operated at GEPI, Observatoire de Meudon, France.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:stars: emission-line, Be circumstellar matter stars: individual (48 Lib) techniques: interferometric techniques: spectroscopic infrared: stars
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:7734
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180718-112637178
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:J-U. Pott, J. Woillez, S. Ragland, P. L. Wizinowich, J. A. Eisner, J. D. Monnier, R. L. Akeson, A. M. Ghez, J. R. Graham, L. A. Hillenbrand, R. Millan-Gabet, E. Appleby, B. Berkey, M. M. Colavita, A. Cooper, C. Felizardo, J. Herstein, M. Hrynevych, D. Medeiros, D. Morrison, T. Panteleeva, B. Smith, K. Summers, K. Tsubota, C. Tyau, E. Wetherell, "First Keck Interferometer measurements in self-phase referencing mode: spatially resolving circum-stellar line emission of 48 Lib", Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340P (21 July 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.856922;
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87960
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:18 Jul 2018 18:36
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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