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Advanced Segmented Silicon Space Telescope (ASSiST)

Dekany, Richard and MacMartin, Douglas and Chanan, Gary and Troy, Mitchell (2002) Advanced Segmented Silicon Space Telescope (ASSiST). In: Highly Innovative Space Telescope Concepts. Proceedings of SPIE. No.4849. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, pp. 103-111. ISBN 0819446289. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180725-110215734

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Abstract

We propose thin silicon wafers as the building blocks of highly segmented space telescope primary mirrors. Using embedded MEMS actuators operating at high bandwidth control, this technology can achieve diffraction-limited image quality in the 3-300 micron wavelength range. The use of silicon wafers as cryogenic mirror segments is carried forward considering a point design of a future FAIR-class NASA ORIGINS mission. We recognize four major economic factors that justify a massive paradigm shift in the fabrication of ultralightweight space telescopes: The precise process control and repeatability of silicon wafer manufacturing dramatically reduces the huge labor investment in mirror figuring experienced with Hubble Space Telescope. Once developed, the incremental cost of additional space telescopes based upon proven silicon manufacturing techniques can be very small. We estimate the marginal cost of a 30m mirror when deploying a constellation can be as low as $36 million (Year 2002 dollars). Federal R&D funding in the area of microelectromechanical devices and advanced 3-D silicon processing is certain to have far greater economic return than similar investments in other technologies, such as optical membrane technology. The $300B per year silicon processing industry will continue to drive increased MEMS functionality, higher product yields, and lower cost. These advances will continue for decades. The intention here is to present the case for the economic advantage of silicon as a highly functional optical substrate that can be fabricated using unparalleled industry experience with precision process control. We maintain that many architectures superior to the ASSiST concept presented here are possible, and hope that this effort prompts future thinking of the silicon wafer telescope paradigm.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.460563DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
MacMartin, Douglas0000-0003-1987-9417
Additional Information:© 2002 Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
Subject Keywords:Extremely large telescopes, space telescopes, silicon optics, segmented telescopes, MEMS actuators
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:4849
DOI:10.1117/12.460563
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180725-110215734
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180725-110215734
Official Citation:Richard G. Dekany, Douglas G. MacMartin, Gary A. Chanan, Mitchell Troy, "Advanced Segmented Silicon Space Telescope (ASSiST)", Proc. SPIE 4849, Highly Innovative Space Telescope Concepts, (18 December 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.460563; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.460563
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:88251
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:25 Jul 2018 18:19
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 00:25

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