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Accelerated tidal circularization via resonance locking in KIC 8164262

Fuller, Jim and Hambleton, Kelly and Shporer, Avi and Isaacson, Howard and Thompson, Susan (2017) Accelerated tidal circularization via resonance locking in KIC 8164262. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 472 (1). L25-L29. ISSN 1745-3925. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180726-143708362

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Abstract

Tidal dissipation in binary star and planetary systems is poorly understood. Fortunately, eccentric binaries known as heartbeat stars often exhibit tidally excited oscillations, providing observable diagnostics of tidal circularization mechanisms and time-scales. We apply tidal theories to observations of the heartbeat star KIC 8164262, which contains an F-type primary in a very eccentric orbit that exhibits a prominent tidally excited oscillation. We demonstrate that the prominent oscillation is unlikely to result from a chance resonance between tidal forcing and a stellar oscillation mode. However, the oscillation has a frequency and amplitude consistent with the prediction of resonance locking, a mechanism in which coupled stellar and orbital evolution maintain a stable resonance between tidal forcing and a stellar oscillation mode. The resonantly excited mode produces efficient tidal dissipation (corresponding to an effective tidal quality factor Q ∼ 5 × 10^4), such that tidal orbital decay/circularization proceeds on a stellar evolution time-scale.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slx130DOIArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1706.05053arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Fuller, Jim0000-0002-4544-0750
Shporer, Avi0000-0002-1836-3120
Isaacson, Howard0000-0002-0531-1073
Thompson, Susan0000-0001-7106-4683
Additional Information:© 2017 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2017 August 15. Received 2017 August 14; in original form 2017 June 14. We thank the Planet Hunters and Dan Fabrycky for discovering this system, and the anonymous referee for a thoughtful report. JF acknowledges partial support from NSF under grant no. AST-1205732 and through a Lee DuBridge Fellowship at Caltech. KH acknowledges support through NASA ADAP grant (16-ADAP16-0201). This research was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. NSF PHY11-25915, and by NASA under grant 11-KEPLER11-0056 and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through grant GBMF5076.
Group:TAPIR, Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFAST-1205732
Lee A. DuBridge FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NASA16-ADAP16-0201
NSFPHY11-25915
NASA11-KEPLER11-0056
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationGBMF5076
Subject Keywords:binaries: close, stars: evolution, stars: individual: KIC 8164262, stars: kinematics and dynamics, stars: oscillations, stars: rotation
Record Number:10.1093/mnrasl/slx130
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180726-143708362
Official Citation:Jim Fuller, Kelly Hambleton, Avi Shporer, Howard Isaacson, Susan Thompson; Accelerated tidal circularization via resonance locking in KIC 8164262, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Volume 472, Issue 1, 21 November 2017, Pages L25–L29, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slx130
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:88308
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:26 Jul 2018 22:24
Last Modified:26 Jul 2018 22:24

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