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A New Detection of Extragalactic Anomalous Microwave Emission in a Compact, Optically Faint Region of NGC 4725

Murphy, E. J. and Linden, S. T. and Dong, D. and Hensley, B. S. and Momjian, E. and Helou, G. and Evans, A. S. (2018) A New Detection of Extragalactic Anomalous Microwave Emission in a Compact, Optically Faint Region of NGC 4725. Astrophysical Journal, 862 (1). Art. No. 20. ISSN 1538-4357. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180801-142726478

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Abstract

We discuss the nature of a discrete, compact radio source (NGC 4725 B) located ≈1.9 kpc from the nucleus in the nearby star-forming galaxy NGC 4725, which we believe to be a new detection of extragalactic anomalous microwave emission (AME). Based on detections at 3, 15, 22, 33, and 44 GHz, NGC 4725 B is a microjansky radio source peaking at ≈33 GHz. While the source is not identified in optical (BVRI) photometry, we detect counterparts in the midinfrared Spitzer/IRAC bands (3.6, 4.5, 5.8, 8.0 μm) that appear to be associated with dust emission in the central region of NGC 4725. Consequently, we conclude that NGC 4725 B is a new detection of AME and is very similar to a recent detection of AME in an outer-disk star-forming region in NGC 6946. We find that models of electric dipole emission from rapidly rotating ultra-small grains are able to reproduce the radio spectrum for reasonable interstellar medium conditions. Given the lack of an optical counterpart and the shape of the radio spectrum, NGC 4725 B appears consistent with a nascent star-forming region in which young (≾ 3 Myr) massive stars are still highly enshrouded by their natal cocoons of gas and dust with insufficient supernovae occurring to produce a measurable amount of synchrotron emission.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac5f5DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1805.05965arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Murphy, E. J.0000-0001-7089-7325
Linden, S. T.0000-0002-1000-6081
Dong, D.0000-0001-9584-2531
Hensley, B. S.0000-0001-7449-4638
Momjian, E.0000-0003-3168-5922
Helou, G.0000-0003-3367-3415
Evans, A. S.0000-0003-2638-1334
Additional Information:© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 April 20; revised 2018 May 11; accepted 2018 May 15; published 2018 July 18. We would like to thank the anonymous referee for very useful comments that helped to improve the content and presentation of this paper. E.J.M. thanks J. J. Condon and B. T. Draine for useful discussions that helped improve the paper. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. This research was carried out in part at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:dust, extinction; galaxies: individual (NGC 4725) ; H ii regions; radio continuum: general; stars: formation
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180801-142726478
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180801-142726478
Official Citation:E. J. Murphy et al 2018 ApJ 862 20
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:88472
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 22:24
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:07

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