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Catalog of Chromium, Cobalt, and Nickel Abundances in Globular Clusters and Dwarf Galaxies

Kirby, Evan N. and Xie, Justin L. and Guo, Rachel and Kovalev, Mikhail and Bergemann, Maria (2018) Catalog of Chromium, Cobalt, and Nickel Abundances in Globular Clusters and Dwarf Galaxies. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 237 (1). Art. No. 18. ISSN 0067-0049. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/aac952.

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We present measurements of the abundances of chromium, cobalt, and nickel in 4113 red giants, including 2277 stars in globular clusters (GCs), 1820 stars in the Milky Way's dwarf satellite galaxies, and 16 field stars. We measured the abundances from mostly archival Keck/DEIMOS medium-resolution spectroscopy with a resolving power of R ~ 6500 and a wavelength range of approximately 6500–9000 Å. The abundances were determined by fitting spectral regions that contain absorption lines of the elements under consideration. We used estimates of temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity that we previously determined from the same spectra. We estimated systematic error by examining the dispersion of abundances within mono-metallic GCs. The median uncertainties for [Cr/Fe], [Co/Fe], and [Ni/Fe] are 0.20, 0.20, and 0.13, respectively. Finally, we validated our estimations of uncertainty through duplicate measurements, and we evaluated the accuracy and precision of our measurements through comparison to high-resolution spectroscopic measurements of the same stars.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Kirby, Evan N.0000-0001-6196-5162
Bergemann, Maria0000-0002-9908-5571
Additional Information:© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 April 2; revised 2018 May 23; accepted 2018 May 28; published 2018 July 19. We thank the anonymous referee for a constructive report. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant No. AST-1614081. Support for this work was also provided by NASA through a grant (HST-GO-14734.011-A) from the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. E.N.K. acknowledges funding from generous donors to the California Institute of Technology. The data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Maunakea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. Software: MOOG (Sneden 1973), MAFAGS-OS (Grupp 2004a, 2004b), MARCS (Gustafsson et al. 2008), spec2d pipeline (Cooper et al. 2012; Newman et al. 2013), MPFIT (Markwardt 2012). Facility: Keck:II (DEIMOS). -
Group:Astronomy Department
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 5-26555
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: abundances; galaxies: dwarf; Local Group; nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances; supernovae
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180801-164036156
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Evan N. Kirby et al 2018 ApJS 237 18
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:88486
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:02 Aug 2018 14:28
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 00:27

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