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Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings

Naqavi, Ali and Loke, Samuel P. and Kelzenberg, Michael D. and Callahan, Dennis M. and Tiwald, Tom and Warmann, Emily C. and Espinet-González, Pilar and Vaidya, Nina and Roy, Tatiana A. and Huang, Jing-Shun and Vinogradova, Tatiana G. and Atwater, Harry A. (2018) Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings. Optics Express, 26 (14). pp. 18545-18562. ISSN 1094-4087. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180801-164036246

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Abstract

We report the design, fabrication, and characterization of ultralight highly emissive structures with a record-low mass per area that emit thermal radiation efficiently over a broad spectral (2 to 30 microns) and angular (0–60°) range. The structures comprise one to three pairs of alternating metallic and dielectric thin films and have measured effective 300 K hemispherical emissivity of 0.7 to 0.9 (inferred from angular measurements which cover a bandwidth corresponding to 88% of 300K blackbody power). To our knowledge, these micron-scale-thickness structures, are the lightest reported optical coatings with comparable infrared emissivity. The superior optical properties, together with their mechanical flexibility, low outgassing, and low areal mass, suggest that these coatings are candidates for thermal management in applications demanding of ultralight flexible structures, including aerospace applications, ultralight photovoltaics, lightweight flexible electronics, and textiles for thermal insulation.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.26.018545DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kelzenberg, Michael D.0000-0002-6249-2827
Tiwald, Tom0000-0003-0231-8138
Warmann, Emily C.0000-0002-2810-4608
Espinet-González, Pilar0000-0002-7656-0077
Huang, Jing-Shun0000-0002-7531-4691
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Additional Information:© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement. Received 16 Mar 2018; revised 30 May 2018; accepted 30 May 2018; published 5 Jul 2018. We acknowledge all those who supported this research, in particular Lynn Rodman of Nexolve for providing materials and guidance in fabricating the thin polyimide layers. We also thank Mark Kruer, George Rossman, Laura Kim, Victoria Chernow, Michelle Sherrot and Will Whitney for assisting with emissivity measurements; Dagny Fleischman, Rebecca Glaudell, Cristofer Flowers and Rebecca Saive for their support during the fabrication and measurements; and Colton Bukowsky and Krishnan Thyagarajan for technical discussions. We thank a reviewer for his comment on the manuscripts which helped us improve it. Funding: Northrop Grumman Corporation and the Caltech Space Solar Power Project; Emily Warmann and Harry Atwater were partially supported by the DOE “Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion' Energy Frontier Research Center under grant DE-SC0001293. Ali Naqavi acknowledges support from the Swiss Science National Foundation.
Group:Space Solar Power Project
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Northrop GrummanUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0001293
Space Solar Power ProjectUNSPECIFIED
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)UNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Opt. Express
Issue or Number:14
Classification Code:OCIS codes: (310.0310) Thin films; (220.0220) Optical design and fabrication.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180801-164036246
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180801-164036246
Official Citation:Ali Naqavi, Samuel P. Loke, Michael D. Kelzenberg, Dennis M. Callahan, Tom Tiwald, Emily C. Warmann, Pilar Espinet-González, Nina Vaidya, Tatiana A. Roy, Jing-Shun Huang, Tatiana G. Vinogradova, and Harry A. Atwater, "Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings," Opt. Express 26, 18545-18562 (2018)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:88487
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:02 Aug 2018 19:45
Last Modified:25 Feb 2020 19:26

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