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Search for C II emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ∼ 2.6

Pullen, Anthony R. and Serra, Paolo and Chang, Tzu-Ching and Doré, Olivier and Ho, Shirley (2018) Search for C II emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ∼ 2.6. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 478 (2). pp. 1911-1924. ISSN 0035-8711.

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We present a search for C II emission over cosmological scales at high redshifts. The CII line is a prime candidate to be a tracer of star formation over large-scale structure since it is one of the brightest emission lines from galaxies. Redshifted C II emission appears in the submillimeter regime, which means it could potentially be present in the higher frequency intensity data from the Planck satellite is used to measure the cosmic infrared background (CIB). We search for CII emission over redshifts z = 2−3.2 in the Planck 545 GHz intensity map by cross-correlating the three highest frequency Planck maps with spectroscopic quasars and CMASS galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III, which we then use to jointly fit CII intensity, CIB parameters, and thermal Sunyaev–Zeldovich (SZ) emission. We report a measurement of an anomalous emission I_ν=6.6^(+5.0)_(−4.8)×10^4  Jy  sr^(−1) at 95 per cent confidence, which could be explained by C II emission, favouring collisional excitation models of C II emission that tend to be more optimistic than models based on C II luminosity scaling relations from local measurements; however, a comparison of Bayesian information criteria reveals that this model and the CIB & SZ model are equally plausible. Thus, more sensitive measurements will be needed to confirm the existence of a large-scale CII emission at high redshifts. Finally, we forecast that intensity maps from Planck cross-correlated with quasars from the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument would increase our sensitivity to CII emission by a factor of 5, while the proposed Primordial Inflation Explorer could increase the sensitivity further.

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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Doré, Olivier0000-0002-5009-7563
Additional Information:© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model ( Accepted 2018 May 4. Received 2018 April 27; in original form 2017 August 9. Published: 14 May 2018. We thank J. Aguirre, A. Lidz, and A. Myers for helpful comments. AP was supported by a McWilliams Fellowship of the Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology. SH is supported by DOE and NSF AST1412966. Part of the research described in this paper was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This work is based on observations obtained with Planck (, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States, NASA, and Canada. Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III web site is SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University.
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Carnegie Mellon UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:ISM: molecules – galaxies: high-redshift – large-scale structure of the universe – cosmology: observations – cosmology: theory – submillimeter: ISM
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180808-153054557
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Official Citation:Anthony R Pullen, Paolo Serra, Tzu-Ching Chang, Olivier Doré, Shirley Ho; Search for C II emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ∼ 2.6, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 478, Issue 2, 1 August 2018, Pages 1911–1924,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:88674
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Aug 2018 14:48
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:09

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