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Charting the course: A possible route to a fully renewable Swiss power system

Bartlett, Stuart and Dujardin, Jérôme and Kahl, Annelen and Kruyt, Bert and Manso, Pedro and Lehning, Michael (2018) Charting the course: A possible route to a fully renewable Swiss power system. Energy, 163 . pp. 942-955. ISSN 0360-5442. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180815-083956337

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Abstract

The prospect of a renewable transition seems plausible for many countries, but can be shrouded in risks, costs and challenges. This paper illuminates a path for such a transition with a numerical investigation, aimed at resolving the power dynamics of a country powered only by renewable generators. The focus was Switzerland, with its considerable hydropower infrastructure and plans to phase out nuclear energy. The model uses optimal power flow calculations to compute the transmission of electricity, and also accounts for the movement of water within the hydropower system. Results suggest that the renewable goal is attainable and will not require radical re-building of the country's transmission infrastructure. Under our assumptions, it was found that the transmission grid is placed under slightly lower stress on average, in renewable scenarios. Despite matching supply and demand on average, the fully renewable system required a ∼107% increase in electrical exchange with neighbouring countries to compensate for seasonal variability, and additional intermittency of electrical supply. Simulation results are described for three scenarios: Current, Intermediate, and Renewable. The bulk power statistics, temporal dynamics, distributions of line use, and spatial patterns are presented, and the implications of the results are discussed.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.018DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Bartlett, Stuart0000-0001-5680-476X
Additional Information:© 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Received 6 March 2018, Revised 20 July 2018, Accepted 2 August 2018, Available online 15 August 2018.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180815-083956337
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180815-083956337
Official Citation:Stuart Bartlett, Jérôme Dujardin, Annelen Kahl, Bert Kruyt, Pedro Manso, Michael Lehning, Charting the course: A possible route to a fully renewable Swiss power system, Energy, Volume 163, 2018, Pages 942-955, ISSN 0360-5442, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.018. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544218315263)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:88810
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:15 Aug 2018 17:02
Last Modified:04 Sep 2018 21:48

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