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Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: Cosmological constraints from cosmic shear

Troxel, M. A. and Eifler, T. F. (2018) Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: Cosmological constraints from cosmic shear. Physical Review D, 98 (4). Art. No. 043528. ISSN 2470-0010.

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We use 26 x 10^6 galaxies from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 shape catalogs over 1321 deg^2 of the sky to produce the most significant measurement of cosmic shear in a galaxy survey to date. We constrain cosmological parameters in both the flat ΛCDM and ωCDM models, while also varying the neutrino mass density. These results are shown to be robust using two independent shape catalogs, two independent photo-z calibration methods, and two independent analysis pipelines in a blind analysis. We find a 3.5% fractional uncertainty on σ_8(Ω_m/0.3)^(0.5) = 0.782^(+0.027)_(−0.027) at 68% CL, which is a factor of 2.5 improvement over the fractional constraining power of our DES Science Verification results. In ωCDM, we find a 4.8% fractional uncertainty on σ_8(Ω_m/0.3)^(0.5) = 0.777^(+0.036)_(−0.038) and a dark energy equation-of-state ω = −0.95^(+0.33)_(−0.39). We find results that are consistent with previous cosmic shear constraints in σ_8 − Ω_m, and see no evidence for disagreement of our weak lensing data with data from the CMB. Finally, we find no evidence preferring a ωCDM model allowing ω ≠ −1. We expect further significant improvements with subsequent years of DES data, which will more than triple the sky coverage of our shape catalogs and double the effective integrated exposure time per galaxy.

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Additional Information:© 2018 American Physical Society. (Received 2 August 2017; published 27 August 2018) We thank C. M. Hirata, S. Joudaki, and H. Hildebrandt for useful conversations in the course of preparing this work. T. E. is supported by NASA ROSES ATP 16-ATP16-0084 grant and by NASA ROSES 16-ADAP16-0116; T. E.’s research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. E. K. was supported by a Kavli Fellowship at Stanford University. O. F. was supported by SFB-Transregio 33 “The Dark Universe” of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and by the DFG Cluster of Excellence “Origin and Structure of the Universe.” Support for D. G. was provided by NASA through Einstein Postdoctoral Fellowship Grant No. PF5-160138 awarded by the Chandra X-ray Center, which is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory for NASA under Contract No. NAS8-03060. M. J., B. J., and G. B. are partially supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Grant No. DE-SC0007901 and funds from the University of Pennsylvania. S. S. acknowledges receipt of a Doctoral Training Grant from the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at The Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey. The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas-Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the University of Nottingham, The Ohio State University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, Texas A&M University, and the OzDES Membership Consortium. This work is based in part on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The DES data management system is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. AST-1138766 and No. AST-1536171. The DES participants from Spanish institutions are partially supported by MINECO under Grants No. AYA2015-71825, No. ESP2015-88861, No. FPA2015-68048, No. SEV-2012-0234, No. SEV-2016-0597, and No. MDM-2015-0509, some of which include ERDF funds from the European Union. I. F. A. E. is partially funded by the CERCA program of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) including ERC Grant Agreements No. 240672, No. 291329, and No. 306478. We acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), through Project No. CE110001020. This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics. The United States Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the United States Government retains a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for United States Government purposes. We use cosmic shear measurements from the Kilo-Degree Survey [34,35,151], hereafter referred to as KiDS. The KiDS data are processed by THELI [152] and Astro-WISE [153,154]. Shears are measured using lensfit [155], and photometric redshifts are obtained from PSF-matched photometry and calibrated using external overlapping spectroscopic surveys (see [35]). Based on data products from observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under program IDs 177.A-3016, 177.A-3017, and 177.A-3018. Plots in this manuscript were produced partly with Matplotlib [156], and it has been prepared using NASA’s Astrophysics Data System Bibliographic Services. This research used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, a DOE Office of Science User Facility supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. This work also used resources at the Ohio Supercomputing Center [157] and computing resources at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
University of NottinghamUNSPECIFIED
Smithsonian Astrophysical ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
Stanford UniversityUNSPECIFIED
University of PennsylvaniaUNSPECIFIED
University of ChicagoUNSPECIFIED
Higher Education Funding Council for England UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)291329
Generalitat de CatalunyaUNSPECIFIED
Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e InovaçãoUNSPECIFIED
University of MichiganUNSPECIFIED
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)UNSPECIFIED
European Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
University of EdinburghUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
University College LondonUNSPECIFIED
Argonne National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)SEV-2016-0597
University of CambridgeUNSPECIFIED
Texas A&M UniversityUNSPECIFIED
University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUNSPECIFIED
Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y TecnológicasUNSPECIFIED
University of California, Santa CruzUNSPECIFIED
Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP)UNSPECIFIED
University of SussexUNSPECIFIED
Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)UNSPECIFIED
University of PortsmouthUNSPECIFIED
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Ohio State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Stanford Linear Accelerator CenterUNSPECIFIED
NASA Einstein Postdoctoral FellowshipPF5-160138
Kavli Institute of Cosmological PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and AstronomyUNSPECIFIED
Medioambientales y Tecnológicas-MadridUNSPECIFIED
DES-Brazil ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
Fermi National Accelerator LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Institut de Ciències de l’EspaiUNSPECIFIED
Institut de Física d’Altes EnergiesUNSPECIFIED
National Optical Astronomy ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
OzDES Membership ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
Cerro Tololo Inter-American ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilCE110001020
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
La Silla Paranal Observatory177.A-3016
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)AYA2015-71825
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)ESP2015-88861
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2015-68048
Centro de Excelencia Severo OchoaSEV-2012-0234
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)MDM-2015-0509
European Research Council (ERC)240672
European Research Council (ERC)306478
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0007901
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:89155
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:27 Aug 2018 21:27
Last Modified:29 Aug 2018 16:43

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