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Determining the order of chiral phase transition in QCD from conformal bootstrap

Nakayama, Yu (2015) Determining the order of chiral phase transition in QCD from conformal bootstrap. In: 33rd International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory. Proceedings of Science. No.251. SISSA , Trieste, Italy, Art. No. 002.

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There has been a long-standing debate if the chiral phase transition in two-flavor massless QCD is first order or second order. The previous arguments based on epsilon expansions, large N expansions, functional renormalization group, and Monte-Carlo simulations had been all inconclusive with shortcomings. If it were the second order phase transition, there should exist a corresponding three-dimensional conformal field theory which describes the critical phenomenon. The recent development in conformal bootstrap enables us to directly study the (non-)existence of conformal fixed points in a non-perturbative manner. In this proceeding, I review the conformal bootstrap method and its application to this problem. Our conclusion is that the corresponding conformal fixed point should exist and the phase transition will be the second order if the U(1) chiral anomaly is effectively restored. This means that the original 1-loop prediction by Pisarski and Wilczek would be incorrect. We further provide the most precise prediction of the critical exponent there. We believe future numerical simulations will confirm our prediction.

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Nakayama, Yu0000-0002-1747-5147
Additional Information:Copyright owned by the author(s) under the term of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Group:Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics
Series Name:Proceedings of Science
Issue or Number:251
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180828-122924484
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:89228
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:29 Aug 2018 19:51
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 00:33

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