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Towards Restoring Locomotion for Paraplegics: Realizing Dynamically Stable Walking on Exoskeletons

Gurriet, Thomas and Finet, Sylvain and Boeris, Guilhem and Duburcq, Alexis and Hereid, Ayonga and Harib, Omar and Masselin, Matthieu and Grizzle, Jessy and Ames, Aaron D. (2018) Towards Restoring Locomotion for Paraplegics: Realizing Dynamically Stable Walking on Exoskeletons. In: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA). IEEE , Piscataway, NJ, pp. 2804-2811. ISBN 978-1-5386-3081-5. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180921-090557817

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Abstract

This paper presents the first experimental results of crutch-less dynamic walking with paraplegics on a lower-body exoskeleton: ATALANTE, designed by the French start-up company Wandercraft. The methodology used to achieve these results is based on the partial hybrid zero dynamics (PHZD) framework for formally generating stable walking gaits. A direct collocation optimization formulation is used to provide fast and efficient generation of gaits tailored to each patient. These gaits are then implemented on the exoskeleton for three paraplegics. The end result is dynamically stable walking in an exoskeleton without the need for crutches. After a short period of tuning by the engineers and practice by the subjects, each subject was able to dynamically walk across a room of about 10 m up to a speed of 0.15 m/s (0.5 km/h) without the need for crutches or any other kind of assistance.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1109/ICRA.2018.8460647DOIArticle
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8460647PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Hereid, Ayonga0000-0002-4156-2013
Harib, Omar0000-0001-9594-0967
Ames, Aaron D.0000-0003-0848-3177
Additional Information:© 2018 IEEE. This work has been conducted under IRB No. 16-0693. Their work was supported by NSF NRI award 1526519. The work of A. Hereid was supported by NSF under Grant CPS-1239037. The work of J. W. Grizzle was partially supported by a gift from Ford Motor Company. The authors would like to thank the entire Wandercraft team which designed ATALANTE, implemented and tested the control algorithms both in simulation and in real conditions. Additionally, the authors are grateful to Laurent Praly and Nicolas Petit, researchers at CAS (Mines ParisTech, PSL Research University) for their precious scientific support since the beginning of Wandercraft, and to Koushil Sreenath at UC Berkeley for collaborative efforts on realizing dynamic walking on exoskeletons.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFIIS-1526519
NSFCNS-1239037
Ford Motor CompanyUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180921-090557817
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180921-090557817
Official Citation:T. Gurriet et al., "Towards Restoring Locomotion for Paraplegics: Realizing Dynamically Stable Walking on Exoskeletons," 2018 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Brisbane, Australia, 2018, pp. 2804-2811. doi: 10.1109/ICRA.2018.8460647
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:89820
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Sep 2018 16:25
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:19

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