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The Gould's Belt Distances Survey (GOBELINS). V. Distances and Kinematics of the Perseus Molecular Cloud

Ortiz-León, Gisela N. and Loinard, Laurent and Dzib, Sergio A. and Galli, Phillip A. B. and Kounkel, Marina and Mioduszewski, Amy J. and Rodríguez, Luis F. and Torres, Rosa M. and Hartmann, Lee and Boden, Andrew F. and Evans, Neal J., II and Briceño, Cesar and Tobin, John J. (2018) The Gould's Belt Distances Survey (GOBELINS). V. Distances and Kinematics of the Perseus Molecular Cloud. Astrophysical Journal, 865 (1). Art. No. 73. ISSN 1538-4357. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aada49.

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We derive the distance and structure of the Perseus molecular cloud by combining trigonometric parallaxes from Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations, taken as part of the GOBELINS survey and Gaia Data Release 2. Based on our VLBA astrometry, we obtain a distance of 321 ± 10 pc for IC 348. This is fully consistent with the mean distance of 320 ± 26 measured by Gaia. The VLBA observations toward NGC 1333 are insufficient to claim a successful distance measurement to this cluster. Gaia parallaxes, on the other hand, yield a mean distance of 293 ± 22 pc. Hence, the distance along the line of sight between the eastern and western edges of the cloud is ~30 pc, which is significantly smaller than previously inferred. We use Gaia proper motions and published radial velocities to derive the spatial velocities of a selected sample of stars. The average velocity vectors with respect to the LSR are (u, ν, w) = (−6.1 ± 1.6, 6.8 ± 1.1, −0.9 ± 1.2) and (−6.4 ± 1.0, 2.1 ± 1.4, −2.4 ± 1.0) km s^(−1) for IC 348 and NGC 1333, respectively. Finally, our analysis of the kinematics of the stars has shown that there is no clear evidence of expansion, contraction, or rotational motions within the clusters.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Ortiz-León, Gisela N.0000-0002-2863-676X
Loinard, Laurent0000-0002-5635-3345
Dzib, Sergio A.0000-0001-6010-6200
Galli, Phillip A. B.0000-0003-2271-9297
Kounkel, Marina0000-0002-5365-1267
Rodríguez, Luis F.0000-0003-2737-5681
Hartmann, Lee0000-0003-1430-8519
Evans, Neal J., II0000-0001-5175-1777
Briceño, Cesar0000-0001-7124-4094
Tobin, John J.0000-0002-6195-0152
Additional Information:© 2018 American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 May 29; revised 2018 August 1; accepted 2018 August 10; published 2018 September 24. G.N.O.-L. acknowledges support from the von Humboldt Stiftung. P.A.B.G. acknowledges financial support from the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) through grants 2013/04934-8 and 2015/14696-2. L.L. acknowledges the financial support of DGAPA, UNAM (project IN112417), and CONACyT, México. The Long Baseline Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (, processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III website is SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Alexander von Humboldt StiftungUNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)2013/04934-8
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)2015/14696-2
Dirección General de Asuntos del Personal Académico (DGAPA)IN112417
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)UNSPECIFIED
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT)UNSPECIFIED
Gaia Multilateral AgreementUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:astrometry – radiation mechanisms: non-thermal – radio continuum: stars – stars: individual (IC 348, NGC 1333) – techniques: interferometric
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180926-104632410
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Official Citation:Gisela N. Ortiz-León et al 2018 ApJ 865 73
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:89957
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Sep 2018 18:15
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 00:39

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