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Magma of pegmatites from volhynia: composition and crystallization parameters determined by magmatic inclusion studies

Kovalenko, V. and Tsaryeva, G. and Naumova, V. and Hervig, R. and Newman, S. (1996) Magma of pegmatites from volhynia: composition and crystallization parameters determined by magmatic inclusion studies. Petrologiya, 4 (3). pp. 277-290. ISSN 1556-2085. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181022-160702710

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Abstract

Recrystallized melt inclusions (relies of the pegmatitic magma) were studied in topaz from the chamber pegmatites of Volhynia, Ukraine. The melt inclusions homogenize into silicate melts, which form glasses upon quenching. The composition of pegmatitic magma was determined by means of an electron and ion microprobe, along with the technique of local infrared spectroscopy. The major-element composition of this magma is close to that of a strongly fractionated ongonitic melt poor in SiO_2 and rich in Al_2O_3 and F. The first direct data on the trace element contents of the homogenized melt inclusions indicate that the pegmatitic magma was rich in Li, Rb, Be, Sn, Nb, Cs, U, and Th, and poor in REE, Zr, Sr, Ba, and Ti. These geochemical features, typical of ongonites, are intrinsic to the pegmatitic magma rather than caused by overprinted processes. The physicochemical parameters of the pegmatitic magma are as follows: liquidus temperature 650-700 degrees C, solidus temperature 530 degrees C, pressure of the water-dominated fluid 2.6-3.0 kbar, magma was composed of melt, crystals, and fluid. The direct determination gave the following contents: 7 wt % H_2O, 157 ppm CO_2, 5.1 wt % F, 0.3 wt % Cl. Judging by the daughter minerals and inclusion textures, the melt inclusions are an approximate model of the chamber pegmatites. The assemblage of the daughter mineral association of the inclusions is essentially the same as the rock-forming and accessory minerals of the pegmatite, a fact indicative of their crystallization from the pegmatitic melt. Grains of the daughter minerals increase toward the contact with the fluid phase, and this provides evidence for the influence of fluid on the origin of the coarse-grained pegmatitic textures. The occurrence of syngenetic melt, crystal, and fluid inclusions suggest the boiling of the pegmatitic magma, from which all main and accessory pegmatite minerals crystallized. The magma was saturated in some minerals of Nb (columbite), Sn (cassiterite), W (wolframite), Be, and U. The partitioning coefficient of Cl between the fluid and melt was 33. The crystallization of pegmatitic magma can be approximated by the model for ongonitic magma, and the increase in Li, Rb, Cs, Sn, Nb, U, Th, H_2O, F, and Cl, and decrease in Ti, Zr, REE, Sr, and Ba contents were caused by fractional differentiation.


Item Type:Article
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Newman, S.0000-0003-0710-995X
Additional Information:© 1996 MAIK Nauka.
Subject Keywords:Columbite, Earth, Fluid Inclusions, Glasses, Ion Microprobe, Melt Inclusions, Minerals, Topaz, Volyn, Water
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181022-160702710
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181022-160702710
Official Citation:Kovalenko, V. I., Tsaryeva, G. M., Naumov, V. B., Hervig, R. L., & Newman, S. (1996). Magma of pegmatites from volhynia: composition and crystallization parameters determined by magmatic inclusion studies. Petrology Petrology, 4(3), 277–290.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:90336
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Oct 2018 22:04
Last Modified:23 Oct 2018 22:04

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