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Wing Rotation and the Aerodynamic Basis of Insect Flight

Dickinson, Michael H. and Lehmann, Fritz-Olaf and Sane, Sanjay P. (1999) Wing Rotation and the Aerodynamic Basis of Insect Flight. Science, 284 (5422). pp. 1954-1960. ISSN 0036-8075. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181116-080131327

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Abstract

The enhanced aerodynamic performance of insects results from an interaction of three distinct yet interactive mechanisms: delayed stall, rotational circulation, and wake capture. Delayed stall functions during the translational portions of the stroke, when the wings sweep through the air with a large angle of attack. In contrast, rotational circulation and wake capture generate aerodynamic forces during stroke reversals, when the wings rapidly rotate and change direction. In addition to contributing to the lift required to keep an insect aloft, these two rotational mechanisms provide a potent means by which the animal can modulate the direction and magnitude of flight forces during steering maneuvers. A comprehensive theory incorporating both translational and rotational mechanisms may explain the diverse patterns of wing motion displayed by different species of insects.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5422.1954DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Dickinson, Michael H.0000-0002-8587-9936
Additional Information:© 1999 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 25 January 1999; accepted 7 April 1999. Supported by grants from NSF (IBN-9723424), Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the U.S. Office of Naval Research (M.H.D.).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFIBN-9723424
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research (ONR)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5422
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181116-080131327
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181116-080131327
Official Citation:Wing Rotation and the Aerodynamic Basis of Insect Flight. BY MICHAEL H. DICKINSON, FRITZ-OLAF LEHMANN, SANJAY P. SANE. SCIENCE 18 JUN 1999: 1954-1960
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:90943
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:16 Nov 2018 17:12
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:30

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