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Jets and mixing layers

Koochesfahani, M. M. and Dimotakis, P. E. and Gharib, M. and Derango, P. and Villermaux, E. and Rehab, H. and Hopfinger, E. J. and Parekh, D. E. and Reynolds, W. C. and Mungal, M. G. and Loiseleux, T. and Chomaz, J.-M. and Fric, T. F. and Roshko, A. and Gogineni, S. P. and Whitaker, M. M. and Goss, L. P. and Roquemore, W. M. and Wernz, S. and Fasel, H. F. and Gogineni, S. and Shih, C. and Krothapalli, A. (2004) Jets and mixing layers. In: A Gallery of Fluid Motion. Cambridge University Press , Cambridge, pp. 1-10. ISBN 9780511610820. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181119-155309490

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Abstract

Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) diagnostics and highspeed, real-time digital image acquisition techniques are combined to map the composition field in a water mixing layer. A fluorescent dye, which is premixed with the lowspeed freestream fluid and dilutes by mixing with the highspeed fluid, is used to monitor the relative concentration of high-speed to low-speed fluid in the layer. The three digital LIF pictures shown here were obtained by imaging the laser-induced fluorescence originating from a collimated argon ion laser beam, extending across the transverse dimension of the shear layer, onto a 512–element linear photodiode array. Each picture represents 384 contiguous scans, each at 400 points across the layer, for a total of 153 600 point measurements of concentration. The vertical axis maps onto 40 mm of the transverse coordinate of the shear layer, and the horizontal axis is time increasing from right to left for a total flow real time of 307 msec. The pseudocolor assignment is linear in the mixture fraction (ξ) and is arranged as follows: red-unmixed fluid from the low-speed stream (ξ=0); blue-unmixed fluid from the high-speed stream (ξ=1); and the rest of the spectrum corresponds to intermediate compositions. Figures 1 and 2, a single vortex and pairing vortices, respectively, show the composition field before the mixing transition. The Reynolds number based on the local visual thickness of the layer and the velocity difference across the layer is Re=1750 with U_2/U_1=0.46 and U_1=13 cm/sec. Note the large excess of high-speed stream fluid in the cores of the structures.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
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https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511610820.002DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 2004 Cambridge University Press.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181119-155309490
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181119-155309490
Official Citation:Koochesfahani, M., Dimotakis, P., Gharib, M., Derango, P., Villermaux, E., Rehab, H., . . . Krothapalli, A. (2004). Jets and mixing layers. In M. Samimy, K. Breuer, L. Leal, & P. Steen (Authors), A Gallery of Fluid Motion (pp. 1-10). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511610820.002
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:91041
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:20 Nov 2018 00:00
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:31

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