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Direct evidence of AGN feedback: a post-starburst galaxy stripped of its gas by AGN-driven winds

Baron, Dalya and Netzer, Hagai and Prochaska, J. Xavier and Cai, Zheng and Cantalupo, Sebastiano and Martin, D. Christopher and Matuszewski, Mateusz and Moore, Anna M. and Morrissey, Patrick and Neill, James D. (2018) Direct evidence of AGN feedback: a post-starburst galaxy stripped of its gas by AGN-driven winds. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 480 (3). pp. 3993-4016. ISSN 0035-8711. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181130-085123148

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Abstract

Post-starburst E+A galaxies show indications of a powerful starburst that was quenched abruptly. Their disturbed, bulge-dominated morphologies suggest that they are merger remnants. The more massive E+A galaxies are suggested to be quenched by active galactic nucleus (AGN) feedback, yet little is known about AGN-driven winds in this short-lived phase. We present spatially resolved integral field unit spectroscopy by the Keck Cosmic Web Imager of SDSS J003443.68 + 251020.9, at z = 0.118. The system consists of two galaxies, the larger of which is a post-starburst E+A galaxy hosting an AGN. Our modelling suggests a 400 Myr starburst, with a peak star formation rate of 120 M⊙ yr^(−1). The observations reveal stationary and outflowing gas, photoionized by the central AGN. We detect gas outflows to a distance of 17 kpc from the central galaxy, far beyond the region of the stars (∼3 kpc), inside a conic structure with an opening angle of 70 deg. We construct self-consistent photoionization and dynamical models for the different gas components and show that the gas outside the galaxy forms a continuous flow, with a mass outflow rate of about 24 M⊙ yr^(−1). The gas mass in the flow, roughly 10^9M⊙⁠, is larger than the total gas mass within the galaxy, some of which is outflowing too. The continuity of the flow puts a lower limit of 60 Myr on the duration of the AGN feedback. Such AGNs are capable of removing, in a single episode, most of the gas from their host galaxies and expelling enriched material into the surrounding circumgalactic medium.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty2113DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.03150arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Prochaska, J. Xavier0000-0002-7738-6875
Cai, Zheng0000-0001-8467-6478
Cantalupo, Sebastiano0000-0001-5804-1428
Martin, D. Christopher0000-0002-8650-1644
Moore, Anna M.0000-0002-2894-6936
Morrissey, Patrick0000-0001-8177-1023
Neill, James D.0000-0002-0466-1119
Additional Information:© 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model). Accepted 2018 August 1. Received 2018 June 26; in original form 2018 March 25. Published: 03 August 2018. We thank the anonymous referee for useful comments and suggestions. We thank B. Trakhtenbrot and D. Poznanski for useful discussions regarding the manuscript. Funding for this work was provided by the Israel Science Foundation grant 284/13. SC gratefully acknowledges support from Swiss National Science Foundation grant PP00P2-163824. The spectroscopic analysis was made using Ipython (Pérez & Granger 2007). We also used the following PYTHON PACKAGE: ASTROPY. This work made use of SDSS-III data. Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University. The data presented herein were obtained at the WMKO, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Israel Science Foundation284/13
Swiss National Science FoundationPP00P2-163824
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: active – galaxies: evolution – galaxies: general – galaxies: interactions – galaxies: star formation
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181130-085123148
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181130-085123148
Official Citation:Dalya Baron, Hagai Netzer, J Xavier Prochaska, Zheng Cai, Sebastiano Cantalupo, D Christopher Martin, Mateusz Matuszewski, Anna M Moore, Patrick Morrissey, James D Neill; Direct evidence of AGN feedback: a post-starburst galaxy stripped of its gas by AGN-driven winds, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 480, Issue 3, 1 November 2018, Pages 3993–4016, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty2113
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:91350
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:30 Nov 2018 17:45
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 23:32

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