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Room-temperature cycling of metal fluoride electrodes: Liquid electrolytes for high-energy fluoride ion cells

Davis, Victoria K. and Bates, Christopher M. and Omichi, Kaoru and Savoie, Brett M. and Momčilović, Nebojša and Xu, Qingmin and Wolf, William J. and Webb, Michael A. and Billings, Keith J. and Chou, Nam Hawn and Alayoglu, Selim and McKenney, Ryan K. and Darolles, Isabelle M. and Nair, Nanditha G. and Hightower, Adrian and Rosenberg, Daniel and Ahmed, Musahid and Brooks, Christopher J. and Miller, Thomas F., III and Grubbs, Robert H. and Jones, Simon C. (2018) Room-temperature cycling of metal fluoride electrodes: Liquid electrolytes for high-energy fluoride ion cells. Science, 362 (6419). pp. 1144-1148. ISSN 0036-8075. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181206-162701046

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Abstract

Fluoride ion batteries are potential “next-generation” electrochemical storage devices that offer high energy density. At present, such batteries are limited to operation at high temperatures because suitable fluoride ion–conducting electrolytes are known only in the solid state. We report a liquid fluoride ion–conducting electrolyte with high ionic conductivity, wide operating voltage, and robust chemical stability based on dry tetraalkylammonium fluoride salts in ether solvents. Pairing this liquid electrolyte with a copper–lanthanum trifluoride (Cu@LaF_3) core-shell cathode, we demonstrate reversible fluorination and defluorination reactions in a fluoride ion electrochemical cell cycled at room temperature. Fluoride ion–mediated electrochemistry offers a pathway toward developing capacities beyond that of lithium ion technology.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aat7070DOIArticle
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/362/6419/1144/suppl/DC1PublisherSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Savoie, Brett M.0000-0002-7039-4039
Webb, Michael A.0000-0002-7420-4474
Miller, Thomas F., III0000-0002-1882-5380
Grubbs, Robert H.0000-0002-0057-7817
Additional Information:© 2018 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works http://www.sciencemag.org/about/science-licenses-journal-article-reuse. This is an article distributed under the terms of the Science Journals Default License. Received for publication March 28, 2018. Resubmitted August 6, 2018. Accepted for publication October 31, 2018. This work is dedicated to the memory of Nebojša Momčilović. The research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with NASA. V.K.D. thanks the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program for support under grant NSF-DGE-1650116. T.F.M. acknowledges NSF under DMREF award NSF-CHE-1335486. M.A.W. acknowledges the Resnick Sustainability Institute. This research used computational resources from the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which is supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. This research also used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a DOE Office of Science User Facility supported by the DOE Office of Science under contract DE-AC02-05CH11231. STEM/EELS work at the Molecular Foundry was supported by the DOE Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under contract DE-AC02-05CH11231. We acknowledge support from the Beckman Institute of the California Institute of Technology to the Molecular Materials Research Center. Author contributions: The project was conceptualized by S.C.J. and supervised by K.O., C.J.B., R.H.G., and S.C.J.; fluoride salt synthesis procedures were developed and performed by V.K.D., C.M.B., N.M., I.M.D., and N.G.N.; salt characterization, analysis and solvent screening was performed by V.K.D., C.M.B., and N.M.; ionic conductivity and voltage window studies were performed by V.K.D. and K.J.B.; PFG-SE NMR experiments and analysis was carried out by W.J.W. and V.K.D.; computational studies were performed by B.M.S. and M.A.W. under the supervision of T.F.M.; electrochemical cells were built and tested by Q.X., N.H.C., and K.O.; cathode materials were synthesized by R.K.M.; TEM, EDS, and pXRD was performed by Q.X.; EELS was performed by S.A., D.R., and M.A.; V.K.D. and A.H. performed XPS measurements; V.K.D. made all figures in the main paper and in the supplement; and the manuscript was written by V.K.D. with input from S.C.J. and all authors. Two patent applications have been filed by Caltech and Honda Motor Co. Ltd.: US 15/228,876 (inventors: S.C.J., V.K.D., C.M.B., N.M., B.M.S., M.A.W., T.F.M., R.H.G., C.J.B., and K.O.) and US 15/844,079 (inventors: N.H.C., K.O., R.K.M., Q.X., C.J.B., S.C.J., I.M.D., and Hongjin Tan). Data and materials availability: Force-field parameters and example inputs for the MD simulations performed are available for download (data S1). All other data are available in the manuscript or the supplementary materials. All authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Group:Resnick Sustainability Institute
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
NSFDGE-1650116
NSFCHE-1335486
Resnick Sustainability InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE) DE-AC05-00OR22725
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Caltech Beckman InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181206-162701046
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181206-162701046
Official Citation:Room-temperature cycling of metal fluoride electrodes: Liquid electrolytes for high-energy fluoride ion cells BY VICTORIA K. DAVIS, CHRISTOPHER M. BATES, KAORU OMICHI, BRETT M. SAVOIE, NEBOJŠA MOMČILOVIĆ, QINGMIN XU, WILLIAM J. WOLF, MICHAEL A. WEBB, KEITH J. BILLINGS, NAM HAWN CHOU, SELIM ALAYOGLU, RYAN K. MCKENNEY, ISABELLE M. DAROLLES, NANDITHA G. NAIR, ADRIAN HIGHTOWER, DANIEL ROSENBERG, MUSAHID AHMED, CHRISTOPHER J. BROOKS, THOMAS F. MILLER III, ROBERT H. GRUBBS, SIMON C. JONES Science 07 Dec 2018: Vol. 362, Issue 6419, pp. 1144-1148 DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7070
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:91540
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:07 Dec 2018 00:40
Last Modified:07 Dec 2018 00:40

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