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A study on the radiation hardness of lead tungstate crystals

Zhu, R. Y. and Deng, Q. and Newman, H. and Woody, C. L. and Kierstead, J. A. and Stoll, S. P. (1997) A study on the radiation hardness of lead tungstate crystals. In: 1997 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record. Vol.1. IEEE , Piscataway, NJ, pp. 263-270. ISBN 0780342585.

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This report presents recent progress of a study on the radiation damage in lead tungstate (PbWO_4) crystals. The dose rate dependence of radiation damage in PbWO_4 has been observed, confirming our early prediction based upon a kinetic model of color centers. An optimization of the oxygen compensation through post-growth thermal annealing, carried out in Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, has led to PbWO_4 crystals with significantly improved radiation hardness. A comparison between front versus uniform irradiations revealed that the later caused a factor of 2 to 6 times more severe damage. A measurement of a preliminary batch of lanthanum doped PbWO_4 crystals indicates that the La doping seems not a determine factor for PbWO_4 radiation hardness improvement. Finally, a TEM/EDS analysis confirmed our previous conjecture that the radiation damage in PbWO_4 crystals is caused by oxygen vacancies.

Item Type:Book Section
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Zhu, R. Y.0000-0003-3091-7461
Newman, H.0000-0003-0964-1480
Additional Information:© 1998 IEEE. Work supported in part by U.S. Department of Energy Grant No. DE-FG03-92-ER40701. We thank Prof. Z.W. Yin of SIC and Dr. G. Cheng of BGRI for providing PbWO_4 samples described in this report. Many inspiring and interesting discussions with Drs. M. Kobayashi, J.Y. Liao, G.Q. Wu and Z.W. Yin are also acknowledged. Drs. F. Nessi and P. Lecomte cross checked the light output measurement described in Section II.
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Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG03-92-ER40701
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181212-103954067
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Official Citation:R. Y. Zhu, Q. Deng, H. Newman, C. L. Woody, J. A. Kierstead and S. P. Stoll, "A study on the radiation hardness of lead tungstate crystals," 1997 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, Albuquerque, NM, USA, 1997, pp. 263-270 vol.1. doi: 10.1109/NSSMIC.1997.672582
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:91724
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:12 Dec 2018 19:09
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 03:43

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