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Gas-Diffusion Electrodes for Carbon-Dioxide Reduction: A New Paradigm

Higgins, Drew and Hahn, Christopher and Xiang, Chengxiang and Jaramillo, Thomas F. and Weber, Adam Z. (2019) Gas-Diffusion Electrodes for Carbon-Dioxide Reduction: A New Paradigm. ACS Energy Letters, 4 (1). pp. 317-324. ISSN 2380-8195. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181217-081303242

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Abstract

Significant advances have been made in recent years discovering new electrocatalysts and developing a fundamental understanding of electrochemical CO_2 reduction processes. This field has progressed to the point that efforts can now focus on translating this knowledge toward the development of practical CO_2 electrolyzers, which have the potential to replace conventional petrochemical processes as a sustainable route to produce fuels and chemicals. In this Perspective, we take a critical look at the progress in incorporating electrochemical CO_2 reduction catalysts into practical device architectures that operate using vapor-phase CO_2 reactants, thereby overcoming intrinsic limitations of aqueous-based systems. Performance comparison is made between state-of-the-art CO_2 electrolyzers and commercial H_2O electrolyzers—a well-established technology that provides realistic performance targets. Beyond just higher rates, vapor-fed reactors represent new paradigms for unprecedented control of local reaction conditions, and we provide a perspective on the challenges and opportunities for generating fundamental knowledge and achieving technological progress toward the development of practical CO_2 electrolyzers.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b02035DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Higgins, Drew0000-0002-0585-2670
Hahn, Christopher0000-0002-2772-6341
Xiang, Chengxiang0000-0002-1698-6754
Jaramillo, Thomas F.0000-0001-9900-0622
Weber, Adam Z.0000-0002-7749-1624
Additional Information:© 2018 American Chemical Society. Received: October 24, 2018; Accepted: December 14, 2018; Published: December 14, 2018. This work was supported by the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, a DOE Energy Innovation Hub, supported through the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Award Number DE-SC0004993. Author Contributions: D.H. and C.H.: Equal author contributions. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Group:JCAP
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0004993
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181217-081303242
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181217-081303242
Official Citation:Gas-Diffusion Electrodes for Carbon Dioxide Reduction: A New Paradigm. Drew Higgins, Christopher Hahn, Chengxiang Xiang, Thomas F. Jaramillo, and Adam Z. Weber. ACS Energy Letters 2019 4 (1), 317-324. DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.8b02035
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:91849
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:18 Dec 2018 18:09
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:38

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