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The Fourier-Kelvin Stellar Interferometer: a practical interferometer for the detection and characterization of extrasolar giant planets

Danchi, W. C. and Allen, R. J. and Benford, D. J. and Deming, D. and Gezari, D. Y. and Kuchner, M. and Leisawitz, D. T. and Linfield, R. and Millan-Gabet, R. and Monnier, J. D. and Mundy, L. G. and Noecker, C. and Rajagopal, J. and Richardson, L. J. and Rinehart, S. and Seager, S. and Traub, W. A. and Wallace, D. (2004) The Fourier-Kelvin Stellar Interferometer: a practical interferometer for the detection and characterization of extrasolar giant planets. In: New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry. Proceedings of SPIE. No.5491. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, pp. 236-242. ISBN 9780819454232. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181219-133357476

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Abstract

The Fourier-Kelvin Stellar Interferometer (FKSI) is a mission concept for a nulling interferometer for the near-to-mid-infrared spectral region (3-8µm). FKSI is conceived as a scientific and technological precursor to TPF. The scientific emphasis of the mission is on the evolution of protostellar systems, from just after the collapse of the precursor molecular cloud core, through the formation of the disk surrounding the protostar, the formation of planets in the disk, and eventual dispersal of the disk material. FKSI will answer key questions about extrasolar planets: Σ What are the characteristics of the known extrasolar giant planets? Σ What are the characteristics of the extrasolar zodiacal clouds around nearby stars? Σ Are there giant planets around classes of stars other than those already studied? We present preliminary results of a detailed design study of the FKSI. Using a nulling interferometer configuration, the optical system consists of two 0.5m telescopes on a 12.5m boom feeding a Mach-Zender beam combiner with a fiber wavefront error reducer to produce a 0.01% null of the central starlight. With this system, planets around nearby stars can be detected and characterized using a combination of spectral and spatial resolution.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.552077DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Benford, D. J.0000-0002-9884-4206
Deming, D.0000-0001-5727-4094
Kuchner, M.0000-0002-2387-5489
Millan-Gabet, R.0000-0003-0447-5866
Monnier, J. D.0000-0002-3380-3307
Noecker, C.0000-0003-1417-2383
Seager, S.0000-0002-6892-6948
Additional Information:© 2004 Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers. Our research and development of a practical infrared imaging and nulling space interferometer has been supported by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Internal Research and Development Funds. We thank our senior management Al Diaz, Jonathan Ormes, and Mike Ryschkewitsch for their continued support of our work. Our design team has been instrumental in the development of the mission concept, particularly team leads, George Andrew, Charles Baker, Jeff Bolognese, Rob Boyle, Gary Brown, Jason Budinoff, Julie Crooke, Bill Cutlip, Dave DiPietro, Rodger Farley, Jose Florez, Lou Hallock, Claef Hakun, Joe Howard, Tupper Hyde, Cliff Jackson, Del Jenstrom, Javier Lecha, Steve Mann, Tony Martino, Joe Pellicciotti, Tim Sauerwein, Carl Stahle, Dave Steinfeld, Lauri Via, and Mark Wilson.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASAUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:mid-infrared, nulling interferometer, extrasolar planets, giant planets, space interferometer
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:5491
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20181219-133357476
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20181219-133357476
Official Citation:William C. Danchi, Ronald J. Allen, Dominic J. Benford, Drake Deming, Daniel Y. Gezari, Marc J. Kuchner, David T. Leisawitz, Roger P. Linfield, Rafael Millan-Gabet, John D. Monnier, Lee G. Mundy, Charley Noecker, Jayadev K. Rajagopal, L. J. Richardson, Stephen A. Rinehart, Sara Seager, Wesley Arthur Traub, Debra J. Wallace, "The Fourier-Kelvin Stellar Interferometer: a practical interferometer for the detection and characterization of extrasolar giant planets," Proc. SPIE 5491, New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, (20 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.552077
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:91918
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Dec 2018 22:15
Last Modified:28 Oct 2019 23:53

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