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Reviving mB

Kanamori, Hiroo and Ross, Zachary E. (2019) Reviving mB. Geophysical Journal International, 216 (3). pp. 1798-1816. ISSN 0956-540X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190109-083910869

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Abstract

We determine m_B, the original body wave magnitude developed by Gutenberg and Richter over the period 1942–1956, for about 3300 M_w ≥ 6 earthquakes for the period 1988–present using modern broad-band seismograms. The main objective is to extend the database of energy-related parameters by combining m_B databases for recent and old events. The radiated energy ER_B (in erg) computed from m_B using the Gutenberg & Richter relation loge_(R_B) = 2.4m_B + 5.8 agrees very well with E_R estimated with modern techniques, especially for large deep earthquakes. Thus, E_(R_B) is useful as a proxy for E_R to investigate the global diversity of earthquake characteristics and physics over an extended period of time.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggy510DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kanamori, Hiroo0000-0001-8219-9428
Ross, Zachary E.0000-0002-6343-8400
Additional Information:© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model). Received: 13 June 2018; Revision Received: 08 November 2018; Accepted: 28 November 2018; Published: 30 November 2018. We thank James Dewey for providing us with helpful information on the practice for magnitude determination at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) of the U.S. Geological Survey. Numerous discussions with him helped us to maintain the consistency of our results with the traditional m_b and m_B. We benefitted from discussion with Luis Rivera on spectral scaling relations. Comments from Lingling Ye and Thorne Lay resulted in clarification of the main points of this work. We thank Larry Ruff for a helpful review. We thank an anonymous reviewer for a very careful review of the manuscript and stimulating comments. We extensively used the continuous broad-band seismograms orderly archived at the Data Management Center of the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). We acknowledge the contributions of many global seismic networks that provided their data to the IRIS database. We used General Mapping Tools developed and maintained by Paul Wessel and Walter Smith. Z.E.R was supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Body waves, Earthquake dynamics, Earthquake hazards, Earthquake source observations, Wave propagation, Subduction zone processes
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190109-083910869
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190109-083910869
Official Citation:Hiroo Kanamori, Zachary E Ross; Reviving mB, Geophysical Journal International, Volume 216, Issue 3, 1 March 2019, Pages 1798–1816, https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggy510
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:92153
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Jan 2019 16:58
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:41

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