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Nano-acoustic resonator with ultralong phonon lifetime

MacCabe, Gregory S. and Ren, Hengjiang and Luo, Jie and Cohen, Justin D. and Zhou, Hengyun and Sipahigil, Alp and Mirhosseini, Mohammad and Painter, Oskar (2020) Nano-acoustic resonator with ultralong phonon lifetime. Science, 370 (6518). pp. 840-843. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.abc7312.

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The energy damping time in a mechanical resonator is critical to many precision metrology applications, such as timekeeping and force measurements. We present measurements of the phonon lifetime of a microwave-frequency, nanoscale silicon acoustic cavity incorporating a phononic bandgap acoustic shield. Using pulsed laser light to excite a colocalized optical mode of the cavity, we measured the internal acoustic modes with single-phonon sensitivity down to millikelvin temperatures, yielding a phonon lifetime of up to τ_(ph,0) ≈ 1.5 seconds (quality factor Q = 5 × 10¹⁰) and a coherence time of τ_(coh,0) ≈ 130 microseconds for bandgap-shielded cavities. These acoustically engineered nanoscale structures provide a window into the material origins of quantum noise and have potential applications ranging from tests of various collapse models of quantum mechanics to miniature quantum memory elements in hybrid superconducting quantum circuits.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Information Paper
MacCabe, Gregory S.0000-0003-2369-1580
Ren, Hengjiang0000-0002-5612-8287
Luo, Jie0000-0002-6464-2761
Zhou, Hengyun0000-0002-2148-8856
Sipahigil, Alp0000-0003-1469-5272
Mirhosseini, Mohammad0000-0002-9084-6880
Painter, Oskar0000-0002-1581-9209
Alternate Title:Phononic bandgap nano-acoustic cavity with ultralong phonon lifetime
Additional Information:© 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works This is an article distributed under the terms of the Science Journals Default License. Received for publication May 10, 2020. Accepted for publication October 5, 2020. This work was supported by the ARO Quantum Opto-Mechanics with Atoms and Nanostructured Diamond MURI program (grant N00014-15-1-2761), the ARO-LPS Cross-Quantum Systems Science and Technology program (grant W911NF-18-1-0103), the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, an NSF Physics Frontiers Center (grant PHY-1733907) with support of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at Caltech. H.R. gratefully acknowledges support from the National Science Scholarship from A*STAR, Singapore. Author contributions: G.S.M., H.R., J.D.C., and O.P. came up with the concept and planned the experiment. G.S.M., H.R., J.L., H.Z., and J.D.C. performed the device design and fabrication. G.S.M. and H.R. performed the measurements. G.S.M., H.R., J.L., A.S., M.M., and O.P. analyzed the data. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript. Competing interests: G.S.M, H.R., J.L., A.S., M.M., and O.P. acknowledge two related patent applications that draw on the work presented in this article: U.S. Patent Application no. 16/293,457, “Techniques for Bidirectional Transduction of Quantum Level Signals Between Optical and Microwave Frequencies Using a Common Acoustic Intermediary”; U.S. Patent Application no. 16/293,455, “Techniques for Transduction and Storage of Quantum Level Signals”. J.L. is also affiliated with Anyon Computing Inc., Pasadena, CA 91101, USA. Data and materials availability: Data and data analysis code are available through Zenodo (31). All other data that support the findings of this study are in the main text and supplementary materials.
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-15-1-2761
Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF-18-1-0103
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Kavli Nanoscience InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:6518
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190115-155728077
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Nano-acoustic resonator with ultralong phonon lifetime By Gregory S. MacCabe, Hengjiang Ren, Jie Luo, Justin D. Cohen, Hengyun Zhou, Alp Sipahigil, Mohammad Mirhosseini, Oskar Painter Science 13 Nov 2020: Vol. 370, Issue 6518, pp. 840-843 DOI: 10.1126/science.abc7312
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:92300
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:16 Jan 2019 00:32
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 03:48

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