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Awareness of consequences in agenesis of the corpus callosum: Semantic analysis of responses

Young, Christina M. and Folsom, Renee C. and Paul, Lynn K. and Su, Judy and Mangum, Ryan W. and Brown, Warren S. (2019) Awareness of consequences in agenesis of the corpus callosum: Semantic analysis of responses. Neuropsychology, 33 (2). pp. 275-284. ISSN 1931-1559. doi:10.1037/neu0000512.

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Objective: Agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) in individuals with general intelligence within the normal range results in a syndrome of mild to moderate deficiencies in cognitive, emotional, and social functioning that are still being explored. Anecdotal accounts from families suggest that these cognitive and psychosocial deficiencies affect the ability of these individuals to anticipate the consequences of their decisions and behaviors. This research was designed to clarify the nature of social and emotional cognition in AgCC with respect to imagination of the consequences of decisions by assessing responses from the Awareness of Consequences Scale (AOCS). Method: Verbal AOCS responses from persons with AgCC and age and IQ-matched neurotypical controls were scored in the normal manner, and also subjected to semantic analyses using both latent semantic analysis and Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Results: It was found that, relative to neurotypical controls, individuals with AgCC scored significantly lower on the typical scoring of the AOCS, had nontypical semantic content in their responses, and used fewer emotion and cognitive content (insight) words. These results were apparent in responses to the three most complex of the AOCS scenarios. Conclusions: Results were consistent with the hypothesis that persons with AgCC are deficient in the capacity to imagine the emotional and cognitive consequences of potential actions on others. particularly in the face of greater situational and social complexity.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Young, Christina M.0000-0001-9535-2137
Paul, Lynn K.0000-0002-3128-8313
Brown, Warren S.0000-0001-6142-5588
Additional Information:© 2019 American Psychological Association.
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190128-143836042
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:92497
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Jan 2019 16:15
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 03:51

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