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Social cognition in individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum

Symington, Scott H. and Paul, Lynn K. and Symington, Melissa F. and Ono, Makoto and Brown, Warren S. (2010) Social cognition in individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Social Neuroscience, 5 (3). pp. 296-308. ISSN 1747-0919. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190313-120958893

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Abstract

Past research has revealed that individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) have deficits in interhemispheric transfer, complex novel problem-solving, and the comprehension of paralinguistic aspects of language. Case studies and family reports also suggest problems in social cognition. The performance of 11 individuals with complete ACC and with normal intelligence was compared to that of 13 IQ- and age-matched controls on three measures of social cognition. Individuals with ACC were indistinguishable from controls on the Happé Theory of Mind Stories and the Adult Faux Pas Test, but performed significantly worse on various portions of the Thames Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT) involving interpretations of videotaped social vignettes. Further analysis of the TASIT indicated that individuals with ACC showed deficiency in the recognition of emotion, weakness in understanding paradoxical sarcasm, and particular difficulty interpreting textual versus visual social cues. These results suggest that the tendency for deficient social cognition in individuals with ACC stems from a combination of difficulty integrating information from multiple sources, using paralinguistic cues for emotion, and understanding nonliteral speech. Together, these deficits would contribute to a less robust theory of mind.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1080/17470910903462419DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Paul, Lynn K.0000-0002-3128-8313
Brown, Warren S.0000-0001-6142-5588
Additional Information:© 2010 Psychology Press. Received 24 Mar 2009, Accepted 27 Oct 2009, Published online: 15 Feb 2010. Portions of this paper served as the doctoral dissertation of SHS at the Fuller Graduate School of Psychology. The authors wish to acknowledge the valuable consultation of Francesca Happé and Rhonda Booth, Institute for Psychiatry, King’s College London. LKP is supported by a grant from the Simons Foundation.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Simons FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Agenesis of the corpus callosum, Theory of mind, Social inference, Nonliteral language
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190313-120958893
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190313-120958893
Official Citation:Scott H. Symington, Lynn K. Paul, Melissa F. Symington, Makoto Ono & Warren S. Brown (2010) Social cognition in individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum, Social Neuroscience, 5:3, 296-308, DOI: 10.1080/17470910903462419
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:93780
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Katherine Johnson
Deposited On:13 Mar 2019 19:16
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 20:57

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