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MOJAVE. XVII. Jet Kinematics and Parent Population Properties of Relativistically Beamed Radio-loud Blazars

Lister, M. L. and Homan, D. C. and Hovatta, T. and Kellermann, K. I. and Kiehlmann, S. and Kovalev, Y. Y. and Max-Moerbeck, W. and Pushkarev, A. B. and Readhead, A. C. S. and Ros, E. and Savolainen, T. (2019) MOJAVE. XVII. Jet Kinematics and Parent Population Properties of Relativistically Beamed Radio-loud Blazars. Astrophysical Journal, 874 (1). Art. No. 43. ISSN 1538-4357. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab08ee.

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We present results from a parsec-scale jet kinematics study of 409 bright radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) based on 15 GHz Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) data obtained between 1994 August 31 and 2016 December 26 as part of the 2 cm VLBA survey and Monitoring Of Jets in Active galactic nuclei with VLBA Experiments (MOJAVE) programs. We tracked 1744 individual bright features in 382 jets over at least 5 epochs. A majority (59%) of the best-sampled jet features showed evidence of accelerated motion at the >3σ level. Although most features within a jet typically have speeds within ~40% of a characteristic median value, we identified 55 features in 42 jets that had unusually slow pattern speeds, nearly all of which lie within 4 pc (100 pc deprojected) of the core feature. Our results, combined with other speeds from the literature, indicate a strong correlation between apparent jet speed and synchrotron peak frequency, with the highest jet speeds being found only in low-peaked AGNs. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we find best-fit parent population parameters for a complete sample of 174 quasars above 1.5 Jy at 15 GHz. Acceptable fits are found with a jet population that has a simple unbeamed power-law luminosity function incorporating pure luminosity evolution and a power-law Lorentz factor distribution ranging from 1.25 to 50 with slope −1.4 ± 0.2. The parent jets of the brightest radio quasars have a space density of 261 ± 19 Gpc^(−3) and unbeamed 15 GHz luminosities above ~10^(24.5) W Hz^(−1), consistent with FR II class radio galaxies.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Lister, M. L.0000-0003-1315-3412
Homan, D. C.0000-0002-4431-0890
Hovatta, T.0000-0002-2024-8199
Kellermann, K. I.0000-0002-0093-4917
Kiehlmann, S.0000-0001-6314-9177
Kovalev, Y. Y.0000-0001-9303-3263
Max-Moerbeck, W.0000-0002-5491-5244
Pushkarev, A. B.0000-0002-9702-2307
Readhead, A. C. S.0000-0001-9152-961X
Ros, E.0000-0001-9503-4892
Savolainen, T.0000-0001-6214-1085
Additional Information:© 2019 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2019 January 20; revised 2019 February 16; accepted 2019 February 18; published 2019 March 20. The MOJAVE project was supported by NASA-Fermi grants Nos. NNX08AV67G, NNX12A087G, and NNX15AU76G. Y.Y.K. and A.B.P. were supported by the Basic Research Program P-28 of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the government of the Russian Federation (agreement 05.Y09.21.0018). T.S. was supported by the Academy of Finland projects Nos. 274477, 284495, and 312496. T.H. was supported by the Academy of Finland project 317383. The Very Long Baseline Array and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory are facilities of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. This research has used observations with RATAN-600 of the Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This work made use of the Swinburne University of Technology software correlator (Deller et al. 2011), developed as part of the Australian Major National Research Facilities Programme and operated under licence. This research has made use of data from the OVRO 40 m monitoring program Richards et al. (2011), which is supported in part by NASA grants Nos. NNX08AW31G, NNX11A043G, and NNX14AQ89G and NSF grants Nos. AST-0808050 and AST-1109911. This research has made use of data from the University of Michigan Radio Astronomy Observatory which has been supported by the University of Michigan and by a series of grants from the National Science Foundation, most recently No. AST-0607523. This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Group:Astronomy Department
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Presidium of the Russian Academy of SciencesP-28
Russian Federation05.Y09.21.0018
Academy of Finland274477
Academy of Finland284495
Academy of Finland312496
Academy of Finland317383
University of MichiganUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:BL Lacertae objects: general – galaxies: active – galaxies: jets – galaxies: Seyfert – quasars: general – radio continuum: galaxies
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190321-131130539
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:M. L. Lister et al 2019 ApJ 874 43
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:94023
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Mar 2019 21:55
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:02

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