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Probing the Band Structure of Topological Silicon Photonic Lattices in the Visible Spectrum

Peng, Siying and Schilder, Nick J. and Ni, Xiang and van de Groep, Jorik and Brongersma, Mark L. and Alù, Andrea and Khanikaev, Alexander B. and Atwater, Harry A. and Polman, Albert (2019) Probing the Band Structure of Topological Silicon Photonic Lattices in the Visible Spectrum. Physical Review Letters, 122 (11). Art. No. 117401. ISSN 0031-9007. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.117401.

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We study two-dimensional hexagonal photonic lattices of silicon Mie resonators with a topological optical band structure in the visible spectral range. We use 30 keV electrons focused to nanoscale spots to map the local optical density of states in topological photonic lattices with deeply subwavelength resolution. By slightly shrinking or expanding the unit cell, we form hexagonal superstructures and observe the opening of a band gap and a splitting of the double-degenerate Dirac cones, which correspond to topologically trivial and nontrivial phases. Optical transmission spectroscopy shows evidence of topological edge states at the domain walls between topological and trivial lattices.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Peng, Siying0000-0002-1541-0278
van de Groep, Jorik0000-0003-3033-8005
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Polman, Albert0000-0002-0685-3886
Additional Information:© 2019 American Physical Society. (Received 16 July 2018; published 21 March 2019) This work was supported by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46405 (fabrication), the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under Grant No. FA9550-16-1-0019 (characterization) and MURI Grant No. FA9550-17-1-0002, the National Science Foundation, the research program of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), and the European Research Counsel (Grant No. SCEON 695343). The authors thank Seyedeh Mahsa Kamali for useful discussions on reactive ion etching, Sophie Meuret and Toon Coenen for assistance with CL spectroscopy, and Femius Koenderink for useful discussions. We thank the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at Caltech for cleanroom facilities and the AMOLF NanoLab Amsterdam for cathodoluminescence spectroscopy facilities. X. N. and A. K. acknowledge that numerical calculations were supported by the National Science Foundation (DMR-1809915). A. K. and A. A. acknowledge support by the National Science Foundation (EFRI-1641069). Competing financial interest: A. P. is co-founder and co-owner of Delmic BV, a company that produces commercial cathodoluminescence systems like the one that was used in this work.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-07ER46405
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-16-1-0019
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-17-1-0002
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)695343
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190321-152633566
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:94033
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:21 Mar 2019 23:09
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:02

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