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A Nonlinear Study of Beam Plasma Amplification

Poeschel, Robert L. (1966) A Nonlinear Study of Beam Plasma Amplification. Electron Tube and Microwave Laboratory Technical Report, 33. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Submitted)

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The interaction between an electron beam and the plasma oscillations it excites in traversing a plasma region effectively changes the magnitude and direction of the force between beam electrons. This effect has been studied theoretically and experimentally by computing and observing beam electron velocities and phases for a beam which is initially velocity modulated at frequency ω and allowed to drift through a plasma filled region of plasma frequency ω_p. When ω > ω_p the force between electrons is repulsive and effectively increases in magnitude as ω approaches ω_p. When ω < ω_p, the force between electrons becomes a force of attraction, to within a given inter-electron spacing, and the maximum effect is also at the resonance condition ω ~ ω_p. This property could be used to improve the efficiency of electron bunching in a klystron type amplifier by filling the drift space with a plasma of appropriate density. The beam behavior is studied theoretically by computing in an exact, nonlinear manner, the trajectories of a disc model electron beam which traverses a linear, dielectric model plasma. The parameters varied are the beam space charge conditions (beam current), the degree of initial velocity modulation, and the ratio of modulation frequency to plasma frequency (ω/ω_p). Computations show that it is possible to bunch the beam electrons to within 85% of delta function bunching under some beam and plasma conditions. The electron beam behavior is studied experimentally by observing the beam electron velocity phase distribution with a crossed-field velocity analyzer, and observing the beam current waveform (density-phase distribution) using a wide-band sampling oscilloscope. Experimental results show essentially the same beam behavior as predicted by the computations with some differences which are attributed to variation in the plasma density along the beam path.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
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URLURL TypeDescription ItemThesis
Group:Electron Tube and Microwave Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)220(50)
Subject Keywords:Electron beams; beam-plasma interaction; nonlinear plasma interaction
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Electron Tube and Microwave Laboratory Technical Report33
Series Name:Electron Tube and Microwave Laboratory Technical Report
Issue or Number:33
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190329-142611914
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:94295
Deposited By: Melissa Ray
Deposited On:29 Mar 2019 21:56
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:02

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