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Multi-Messenger Astronomy with Extremely Large Telescopes

Chornock, Ryan and Cowperthwaite, Philip S. and Margutti, Raffaella and Milisavljevic, Dan and Alexander, Kate D. and Andreoni, Igor and Arcavi, Iair and Baldeschi, Adriano and Barnes, Jennifer and Bellm, Eric and Beniamini, Paz and Berger, Edo and Berry, Christopher P. L. and Bianco, Federica and Blanchard, Peter K. and Bloom, Joshua S. and Burke-Spolaor, Sarah and Burns, Eric and Carbone, Dario and Cenko, S. Bradley and Coppejans, Deanne and Corsi, Alessandra and Coughlin, Michael and Drout, Maria R. and Eftekhari, Tarraneh and Foley, Ryan J. and Fong, Wen-fai and Fox, Ori and Frail, Dale A. and Giannios, Dimitrios and Golkhou, V. Zach and Gomez, Sebastian and Graham, Melissa and Graur, Or and Hajela, Aprajita and Hallinan, Gregg and Hanna, Chad and Hotokezaka, Kenta and Kalogera, Vicky and Kasen, Daniel and Kasliwal, Mansi and Kathirgamaraju, Adithan and Kerzendorf, Wolfgang E. and Kilpatrick, Charles D. and Laskar, Tanmoy and Levesque, Emily and MacFadyen, Andrew and Macias, Phillip and Margalit, Ben and Matheson, Thomas and Metzger, Brian D. and Miller, Adam A. and Modjaz, Maryam and Murase, Kohta and Murguia-Berthier, Ariadna and Nissanke, Samaya and Palmese, Antonella and Pankow, Chris and Paterson, Kerry and Patton, Locke and Perna, Rosalba and Radice, David and Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico and Rest, Armin and Rho, Jeonghee and Rojas-Bravo, Cesar and Roth, Nathaniel C. and Safarzadeh, Mohammad and Sand, David and Sbarufatti, Boris and Siegel, Daniel M. and Sironi, Lorenzo and Soares-Santos, Marcelle and Sravan, Niharika and Starrfield, Sumner and Street, Rachel A. and Stringfellow, Guy S. and Tchekhovskoy, Alexander and Terreran, Giacomo and Valenti, Stefano and Villar, V. Ashley and Wang, Yihan and Wheeler, J. Craig and Williams, G. Grant and Zrake, Jonathan (2019) Multi-Messenger Astronomy with Extremely Large Telescopes. Astro2020 Science White Paper, . (Unpublished)

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The field of time-domain astrophysics has entered the era of Multi-messenger Astronomy (MMA). One key science goal for the next decade (and beyond) will be to characterize gravitational wave (GW) and neutrino sources using the next generation of Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). These studies will have a broad impact across astrophysics, informing our knowledge of the production and enrichment history of the heaviest chemical elements, constrain the dense matter equation of state, provide independent constraints on cosmology, increase our understanding of particle acceleration in shocks and jets, and study the lives of black holes in the universe. Future GW detectors will greatly improve their sensitivity during the coming decade, as will near-infrared telescopes capable of independently finding kilonovae from neutron star mergers. However, the electromagnetic counterparts to high-frequency (LIGO/Virgo band) GW sources will be distant and faint and thus demand ELT capabilities for characterization. ELTs will be important and necessary contributors to an advanced and complete multi-messenger network.

Item Type:Report or Paper (White Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Chornock, Ryan0000-0002-7706-5668
Andreoni, Igor0000-0002-8977-1498
Coughlin, Michael0000-0002-8262-2924
Hallinan, Gregg0000-0002-7083-4049
Kasliwal, Mansi0000-0002-5619-4938
Group:Astronomy Department
Series Name:Astro2020 Science White Paper
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190402-082906622
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:94353
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Apr 2019 15:34
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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