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PS18kh: A New Tidal Disruption Event with a Non-Axisymmetric Accretion Disk

Holoien, T. W.-S. and Huber, M. E. and Shappee, B. J. and Eracleous, M. and Auchettl, K. and Brown, J. S. and Tucker, M. A. and Chambers, K. C. and Kochanek, C. S. and Stanek, K. Z. and Rest, A. and Bersier, D. and Post, R. S. and Aldering, G. and Ponder, K. A. and Simon, J. D. and Kankare, E. and Dong, D. and Hallinan, G. and Bulger, J. and Lowe, T. B. and Magnier, E. A. and Schultz, A. S. B. and Waters, C. Z. and Willman, M. and Wright, D. and Young, D. R. and Dong, Subo and Prieto, J. L. and Thompson, Todd A. and Denneau, L. and Flewelling, H. and Heinze, A. N. and Smartt, S. J. and Smith, K. W. and Stalder, B. and Tonry, J. L. and Weiland, H. (2019) PS18kh: A New Tidal Disruption Event with a Non-Axisymmetric Accretion Disk. Astrophysical Journal, 880 (2). Art. No. 120. ISSN 1538-4357. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab2ae1.

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We present the discovery of PS18kh, a tidal disruption event discovered at the center of SDSS J075654.53+341543.6 (d ≃ 322 Mpc) by the Pan-STARRS Survey for Transients. Our data set includes pre-discovery survey data from Pan-STARRS, the All-sky Automated Survey for Supernovae, and the Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System as well as high-cadence, multiwavelength follow-up data from ground-based telescopes and Swift, spanning from 56 days before peak light until 75 days after. The optical/UV emission from PS18kh is well-fit as a blackbody with temperatures ranging from T ≃ 12,000 K to T ≃ 25,000 K and it peaked at a luminosity of L ≃ 8.8 × 10^(43) erg s^(−1). PS18kh radiated E = (3.45 ± 0.22) × 10^(50) erg over the period of observation, with (1.42 ± 0.20) × 10^(50) erg being released during the rise to peak. Spectra of PS18kh show a changing, boxy/double-peaked Hα emission feature, which becomes more prominent over time. We use models of non-axisymmetric accretion disks to describe the profile of the Hα line and its evolution. We find that at early times the high accretion rate leads the disk to emit a wind which modifies the shape of the line profile and makes it bell-shaped. At late times, the wind becomes optically thin, allowing the non-axisymmetric perturbations to show up in the line profile. The line-emitting portion of the disk extends from r_(in) ~ 60r_g to an outer radius of r_(out) ~ 1400r_g and the perturbations can be represented either as an eccentricity in the outer rings of the disk or as a spiral arm in the inner disk.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Holoien, T. W.-S.0000-0001-9206-3460
Dong, D.0000-0001-9584-2531
Hallinan, G.0000-0002-7083-4049
Additional Information:© 2019 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 August 9; revised 2019 May 21; accepted 2019 June 7; published 2019 August 1. The authors thank Cosimo Inserra and Tiara Hung for providing comparison data used in Section 4 and Mark Seibert for assistence with calculating the GALEX host flux limit. C.S.K. and K.Z.S. are supported by NSF grants AST-1515876 and AST-1515927. S.D. acknowledges Project 11573003 supported by NSFC. Support for J.L.P. is provided in part by FONDECYT through the grant 1151445 and by the Ministry of Economy, Development, and Tourism's Millennium Science Initiative through grant IC12,0009, awarded to The Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, MAS. T.A.T. is supported in part by Scialog Scholar grant 24215 from the Research Corporation. S.J.S.s group acknowledges funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013)/ERC grant agreement no [291222] and STFC grant Grant Ref: ST/P000312/1 and ST/N002520/1. The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys (PS1) and the PS1 public science archive have been made possible through contributions by the Institute for Astronomy, the University of Hawaii, the Pan-STARRS Project Office, the Max Planck Society and its participating institutes, the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, The Johns Hopkins University, Durham University, the University of Edinburgh, the Queen's University Belfast, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network Incorporated, the National Central University of Taiwan, the Space Telescope Science Institute, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under grant No. NNX08AR22G issued through the Planetary Science Division of the NASA Science Mission Directorate, the National Science Foundation grant No. AST-1238877, the University of Maryland, Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE), the Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. We thank the Las Cumbres Observatory and its staff for its continuing support of the ASAS-SN project. ASAS-SN is supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through grant GBMF5490 to the Ohio State University and NSF grant AST-1515927. Development of ASAS-SN has been supported by NSF grant AST-0908816, the Mt. Cuba Astronomical Foundation, the Center for Cosmology and AstroParticle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Chinese Academy of Sciences South America Center for Astronomy (CASSACA), the Villum Foundation, and George Skestos. This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System Bibliographic Services. IRAF is distributed by the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. This manuscript uses data obtained from the Keck telescopes, and we wish to extend special thanks to those of Hawaiian ancestry on whose sacred mountain we are privileged to be guests. Based on data acquired using the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT). The LBT is an international collaboration among institutions in the United States, Italy, and Germany. LBT Corporation partners are: The University of Arizona on behalf of the Arizona university system; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Italy; LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft, Germany, representing the Max Planck Society, the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, and Heidelberg University; The Ohio State University, and The Research Corporation, on behalf of The University of Notre Dame, University of Minnesota and University of Virginia. The Liverpool Telescope is operated on the island of La Palma by Liverpool John Moores University in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias with financial support from the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Funding for the SDSS and SDSS-II has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, the Max Planck Society, and the Higher Education Funding Council for England. The SDSS Web Site is The SDSS is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions. The Participating Institutions are the American Museum of Natural History, Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, University of Basel, University of Cambridge, Case Western Reserve University, University of Chicago, Drexel University, Fermilab, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Japan Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, the Korean Scientist Group, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (LAMOST), Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA), New Mexico State University, Ohio State University, University of Pittsburgh, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the United States Naval Observatory, and the University of Washington. Software: FAST (Kriek et al. 2009), IRAF (Tody 1986, 1993), IPP (Magnier et al. 2013), HEAsoft (Arnaud 1996), XSPEC (v12.9.1; Arnaud 1996).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China11573003
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1151445
Iniciativa Científica Milenio del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y TurismoIC120009
Research Corporation24215
European Research Council (ERC)291222
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/P000312/1
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N002520/1
University of MarylandUNSPECIFIED
Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE)UNSPECIFIED
Los Alamos National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationGBMF5490
Mt. Cuba Astronomical FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Ohio State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Chinese Academy of Sciences South America Center for Astronomy (CASSACA)UNSPECIFIED
Villum FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Japanese MonbukagakushoUNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Higher Education Funding Council for EnglandUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:accretion, accretion disks – black hole physics – galaxies: nuclei
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190403-131303453
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Official Citation:T. W.-S. Holoien et al 2019 ApJ 880 120
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:94411
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:03 Apr 2019 21:04
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:05

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