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Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystals for Engineering Atom-Light Interactions

Yu, Su-Peng and Muniz, Juan A. and Hung, Chen-Lung and Kimble, H. J. (2019) Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystals for Engineering Atom-Light Interactions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116 (26). pp. 12743-12751. ISSN 0027-8424. PMCID PMC6600959. doi:10.1073/pnas.1822110116.

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We present a two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystal system for interacting with cold cesium (Cs) atoms. The band structures of the 2D photonic crystals are predicted to produce unconventional atom-light interaction behaviors, including anisotropic emission, suppressed spontaneous decay and photon mediated atom-atom interactions controlled by the position of the atomic array relative to the photonic crystal. An optical conveyor technique is presented for continuously loading atoms into the desired trapping positions with optimal coupling to the photonic crystal. The device configuration also enables application of optical tweezers for controlled placement of atoms. Devices can be fabricated reliably from a 200nm silicon nitride device layer using a lithography-based process, producing predicted optical properties in transmission and reflection measurements. These 2D photonic crystal devices can be readily deployed to experiments for many-body physics with neutral atoms, and engineering of exotic quantum matter.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper CentralArticle
Yu, Su-Peng0000-0003-1348-7447
Additional Information:© 2019 the Author(s). Published by PNAS. This open access article is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND). Contributed by H. J. Kimble, May 9, 2019 (sent for review December 31, 2018; reviewed by Antonio Badolato and Hannes Pichler). PNAS first published June 12, 2019. We gratefully acknowledge discussions with Andrew McClung, Jonathan Hood, Lucas Peng, Xingsheng Luan, Alexander Burgers, Michael J. Martin, and Ana Asenjo-García from the Caltech Quantum Optics Group; and with Alejandro González-Tudela and Ignacio Cirac (Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Garching). S.-P.Y. and J.A.M. acknowledge support from the International Fulbright Science and Technology Award. C.-L.H. acknowledges support from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), Grant FA9550-17-1-0298 and the Office of Naval Research (ONR), Grant N00014-17-1-2289. H.J.K. acknowledges funding from ONR Grant N00014-16-1-2399, ONR Multidisciplinary University Research Initiatives (MURI) Quantum Opto-Mechanics with Atoms and Nanostructured Diamond Grant N00014-15-1-2761, AFOSR MURI Photonic Quantum Matter Grant FA9550-16-1-0323, the National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant PHY-1205729, and the NSF Institute for Quantum Information and Matter Grant PHY-1125565. H.J.K. also acknowledges the support of the Caltech Kavli Nanoscience Institute and the cleanroom facilities of O. Painter and his group, where device fabrication was carried out by S.-P.Y. S.-P.Y. and J.A.M. contributed equally to this work. Author contributions: S.-P.Y., J.A.M., C.-L.H., and H.J.K. designed research; S.-P.Y., J.A.M., C.-L.H., and H.J.K. performed research; S.-P.Y. and J.A.M. contributed new reagents/analytic tools; S.-P.Y. and J.A.M. analyzed data; and S.-P.Y., J.A.M., C.-L.H., and H.J.K. wrote the paper. Reviewers: A.B., University of Ottawa; and H.P., Harvard University. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Fulbright FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-17-1-0298
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-17-1-2289
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-16-1-2399
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-15-1-2761
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-16-1-0323
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
Kavli Nanoscience InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:nanophotonics; quantum optics; quantum many-body
Issue or Number:26
PubMed Central ID:PMC6600959
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190426-091633868
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Two-dimensional photonic crystals for engineering atom–light interactions. Su-Peng Yu, Juan A. Muniz, Chen-Lung Hung, H. J. Kimble. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Jun 2019, 116 (26) 12743-12751; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1822110116
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:95015
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Apr 2019 16:25
Last Modified:25 Feb 2022 17:15

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