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Cloud Adiabaticity and Its Relationship to Marine Stratocumulus Characteristics Over the Northeast Pacific Ocean

Braun, Rachel A. and Dadashazar, Hossein and MacDonald, Alexander B. and Crosbie, Ewan and Jonsson, Haflidi H. and Woods, Roy K. and Flagan, Richard C. and Seinfeld, John H. and Sorooshian, Armin (2018) Cloud Adiabaticity and Its Relationship to Marine Stratocumulus Characteristics Over the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres, 123 (24). pp. 13790-13806. ISSN 2169-897X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190429-072814298

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Abstract

Cloud adiabaticity (α) is defined as the ratio of the actual liquid water path (LWP_(measured)) in a cloud to its corresponding adiabatic value (LWP_(ad)). Processes such as drizzle and entrainment can lead to subadiabatic LWP_(measured). This study examines α and its relationship to microphysical properties for 86 cloud events over the Northeast Pacific Ocean based on data collected during four separate summertime airborne campaigns. For the study region, α was found to be 0.766 ± 0.134. For most cases, clouds with a low value of α were found to have lower droplet number concentration (N_d), higher droplet effective radius (r_e), higher relative dispersion (d), and higher rain rate (R). The subcloud aerosol concentration (N_a) was often less for the low‐α cases. The relationship between α and the vertical profiles and cloud‐top characteristics for both the cloud droplet‐only spectrum and full spectrum (cloud and rain droplets) is also examined. Inclusion of rain droplets produced a larger change in d for the low‐α clouds as compared to the high‐α clouds. On average, R increased at cloud top for high‐α clouds but decreased at cloud top for low‐α clouds. Accounting for α when estimating N_d from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer retrievals results in better agreement with in situ N_d values. Results of this work motivate the need for additional focus on the factors governing α, such as cloud type, and implications of its value, especially for remote‐sensing retrievals.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd029287DOIArticle
https://figshare.com/articles/A_Multi‐Year_Data_Set_on_Aerosol‐Cloud‐Precipitation‐Meteorology_Interactions_for_Marine_Stratocumulus_Clouds/5099983Related ItemData
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Braun, Rachel A.0000-0002-9353-9923
Dadashazar, Hossein0000-0001-7054-4933
MacDonald, Alexander B.0000-0002-7238-3341
Crosbie, Ewan0000-0002-8895-8066
Jonsson, Haflidi H.0000-0003-3043-1074
Woods, Roy K.0000-0002-3632-6374
Flagan, Richard C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Sorooshian, Armin0000-0002-2243-2264
Additional Information:© 2018 American Geophysical Union. Received 9 JUL 2018; Accepted 13 NOV 2018; Accepted article online 21 NOV 2018; Published online 16 DEC 2018. All aircraft data used in this work can be found in the Figshare database (Sorooshian et al., 2018; https://figshare.com/articles/A_Multi‐Year_Data_Set_on_Aerosol‐Cloud‐Precipitation‐Meteorology_Interactions_for_Marine_Stratocumulus_Clouds/5099983). This work was funded by Office of Naval Research grants N00014‐10‐1‐0811, N00014‐11‐1‐0783, N00014‐10‐1‐0200, N00014‐04‐1‐0118, and N00014‐16‐1‐2567. A. MacDonald acknowledges support from the Mexican National Council for Science and Technology (CONACyT). The Terra/MODIS Clouds 5‐Min L2 Swath 1km and 5km data sets were acquired from the Level‐1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System (LAADS) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC), located in the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland (https://ladsweb.nascom.nasa.gov/).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-10-1-0811
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-11-1-0783
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-10-1-0200
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-04-1-0118
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-16-1-2567
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:24
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190429-072814298
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190429-072814298
Official Citation:Braun, R. A., Dadashazar, H., MacDonald, A. B., Crosbie, E., Jonsson, H. H., Woods, R. K., et al. (2018). Cloud Adiabaticity and its relationship to marine stratocumulus characteristics over the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 13,790–13,806. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029287
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:95060
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Apr 2019 14:44
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:09

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