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Abundances in Stars from the Red Giant Branch Tip to near the Main-Sequence Turnoff in M5

Ramírez, Solange V. and Cohen, Judith G. (2003) Abundances in Stars from the Red Giant Branch Tip to near the Main-Sequence Turnoff in M5. Astronomical Journal, 125 (1). pp. 224-245. ISSN 0004-6256. doi:10.1086/345510.

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We present the iron abundance and abundance ratios for 18 elements with respect to Fe in a sample of stars with a wide range in luminosity, from luminous giants to stars near the turnoff in the globular cluster M5. The analyzed spectra, obtained with the High Resolution Echelle Spectrograph at the Keck Observatory, are of high dispersion (R = λ/Δλ = 35,000). We find that the neutron capture, the iron peak, and the α-element abundance ratios show no trend with T_(eff) and low scatter around the mean between the top of the red giant branch and near the main-sequence turnoff, suggesting that at this metallicity non-LTE effects are not important over the range of stellar parameters spanned by our sample. To within the precision of the measurements (about ±0.1 dex), gravitationally induced heavy-element diffusion does not appear to be present among the stars near the main-sequence turnoff studied here. Our work and other recent studies suggest that heavy-element diffusion is inhibited in the surface layers of metal-poor stars. Differences in the Na abundance from star to star that extend to the main-sequence turnoff are detected in our sample in M5. The anticorrelation between O and Na abundances, observed in other metal-poor globular clusters, is not detected in our sample, but it may be hidden among stars with only upper limits for their O abundances. As we found in M71, there is a hint of star-to-star variation in the Zr abundance. Overall the abundance ratios of M5 appear very similar to those of M71, with the possible exception of the neutron capture element Ba, for which we argue that the apparent difference may be due to difficulties in the analysis. As in M71, the α-elements Mg, Ca, Si, and Ti are overabundant relative to Fe. The results of our abundance analysis of 25 stars in M5 provide further evidence of abundance variations among specific light elements at unexpectedly low luminosities, which cannot be explained by our current understanding of stellar evolution.

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Cohen, Judith G.0000-0002-8039-4673
Additional Information:© 2003 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2002 August 5; accepted 2002 October 10. Based on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated jointly by the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The entire Keck/HIRES user communities owes a huge debt to Jerry Nelson, Gerry Smith, Steve Vogt, and many other people who have worked to make the Keck Telescope and HIRES a reality and to operate and maintain the Keck Observatory. We are grateful to the W. M. Keck Foundation for the vision to fund the construction of the W. M. Keck Observatory. The authors wish to extend special thanks to those of Hawaiian ancestry on whose sacred mountain we are privileged to be guests. Without their generous hospitality, none of the observations presented herein would have been possible. We acknowledge a special debt to Brad Behr, who participated in the very early stages of this project. We thank Peter Stetson for providing his photometry database in digital form. We are grateful to the National Science Foundation for partial support under grant AST 98-19614 and AST 02-05951 to J. G. C. We thank Jason Prochaska and Andy McWilliam for providing their tables of hyperfine structure in digital form.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST 98-19614
NSFAST 02-05951
Subject Keywords:globular clusters: general — globular clusters: individual (M5) — stars: abundances — stars: evolution
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190522-075405923
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Official Citation:Solange V. Ramírez and Judith G. Cohen 2003 AJ 125 224
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:95680
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 May 2019 22:37
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:14

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