A Caltech Library Service

Microwave-to-optical conversion via four-wave-mixing in a cold ytterbium ensemble

Covey, Jacob P. and Sipahigil, Alp and Saffman, Mark (2019) Microwave-to-optical conversion via four-wave-mixing in a cold ytterbium ensemble. Physical Review A, 100 (1). Art. No. 012307. ISSN 2469-9926. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.100.012307.

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

[img] PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Interfacing superconducting qubits with optical photons require noise-free microwave-to-optical transducers, a technology currently not realized at the single-photon level. We propose to use four-wave mixing in an ensemble of cold ytterbium (Yb) atoms prepared in the metastable “clock” state. The parametric process uses two high-lying Rydberg states for bidirectional conversion between a 10 GHz microwave photon and an optical photon in the telecommunication E-band. To avoid noise photons due to spontaneous emission, we consider continuous operation far detuned from the intermediate states. We use an input-output formalism to predict conversion efficiencies of ≈50% with bandwidths of ≈100 kHz.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Covey, Jacob P.0000-0001-5104-6883
Sipahigil, Alp0000-0003-1469-5272
Additional Information:© 2019 American Physical Society. Received 19 April 2019; published 8 July 2019. We acknowledge Oskar Painter, Manuel Endres, Jonathan Simon, Jevon Longdell, and Jono Everts for helpful discussions, and Ivaylo Madjarov for stimulating discussions about the use of master equations. J.P.C. acknowledges support from the Caltech PMA Division for postdoctoral fellowship funding and A.S. acknowledges support from the Caltech IQIM for postdoctoral fellowship funding. M.S. was supported by Army Research Office, Contract No. W911NF-16-1-0133, and by the US Army Research Laboratory Center for Distributed Quantum Information through Cooperative Agreement No. W911NF-15-2-0061.
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Caltech Division of Physics, Mathematics and AstronomyUNSPECIFIED
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF-16-1-0133
Army Research LaboratoryW911NF-15-2-0061
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190528-083651745
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:95803
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:28 May 2019 16:19
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:15

Repository Staff Only: item control page