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The late-type stellar content of the Fornax and Sculptor dwarf galaxies

Frogel, Jay A. and Blanco, V. M. and McCarthy, M. F. and Cohen, Judith G. (1982) The late-type stellar content of the Fornax and Sculptor dwarf galaxies. Astrophysical Journal, 252 . pp. 133-146. ISSN 0004-637X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190531-091631876

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Abstract

A field of area 0.13 square degrees has been surveyed for late-type stars in each of the Fornax and Sculptor dwarf elliptical galaxies. JHK photometric data have been obtained for most of the stars found. In Fornax, we have positively identified 25 C stars and one M giant. In Sculptor, two relatively blue C stars and a small number of possible M giants have been identified. In contrast to the Magellanic Clouds, there are no M6-M9 giants in Fornax or Sculptor. The mean value and the variance of the bolometric luminosity function for the Fornax C stars are — 4.66 ± 0.47, quite similar to the values for the Magellanic Cloud C stars. The colors of the Fornax C stars overlap those of the C stars in the Magellanic Clouds but are bluer in the mean. The large dispersion in the color-magnitude diagram of the Fornax C stars is interpreted as arising from a significant spread in age and/or metallicity in the stellar population of Fornax. The C stars found in Sculptor are quite similar in color and luminosity to the C stars in the globular cluster ω Centauri and are at the faint end of the luminosity distribution of C stars found in the Magellanic Clouds and Fornax. The ratio of cool C stars to M stars, as determined from identical survey techniques, increases dramatically along the sequence Milky Way, LMC, SMC, and Fornax. This increase, together with systematic changes in the colors of the C and M stars, can be understood as arising from a systematic decrease in the mean metallicity of the galaxies on this sequence. The lack of concurrent significant changes in M_(bol)(mean) or M_(bol)(max) of the carbon stars may not be consistent with current theories of C star formation and evolution. The new data for Sculptor, as well as those previously published, point to a stellar population, and possibly a star-formation history, qualitatively similar to that of ω Cen. A sharp discontinuity between Fornax and Sculptor in some of the properties which characterize the late-type stellar population of these two systems stands in contrast to a rather smooth gradation in the same properties for Fornax and galaxies more massive than it. We speculate that this discontinuity could have arisen if Sculptor were stripped of its gas component at a much earlier time than Fornax.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1086/159540DOIArticle
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982ApJ...252..133FADSArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Cohen, Judith G.0000-0002-8039-4673
Additional Information:© American Astronomical Society • Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System. Received 1981 March 16; accepted 1981 June 4. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory is operated by AURA, Inc. under National Science Foundation contract no. AST 78-27879. We thank F. Schweizer for providing us with his direct plate of Sculptor and A. Dressier for a print of his Fornax plate. J. A. F. acknowledges an informative conversation with Gary Da Costa and thanks Harvey Richer for a preprint of the Demers and Kunkel paper. We appreciate the useful comments made by a number of our colleagues at CITO on an earlier draft of this paper. J. Elias suggested several important additions to our initial work. J. G. C. is grateful for a grant from the Caltech Recycling Center. Infrared equipment at Las Campanas was built with funds provided in part by NSF grant AST 76-22676 to S. E. Persson.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFAST 78-27879
Caltech Recycling CenterUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST 76-22676
Subject Keywords:galaxies: individual — galaxies: stellar content — stars: abundances — stars: carbon — stars: late-type — stars: luminosities
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190531-091631876
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190531-091631876
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:95980
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:03 Jun 2019 14:36
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:18

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