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The Early Evolution of Stars and Exoplanet Systems: Exploring and Exploiting Nearby, Young Stars

Kastner, Joel H. and Allers, Katelyn and Bowler, Brendan and Currie, Thayne and Drake, Jeremy and Dupuy, Trent and Faherty, Jackie and Gagné, Jonathan and Liu, Michael and Mamajek, Eric and Mawet, Dimitri and Shkolnik, Evgenya and Song, Inseok and White, Russel and Zuckerman, Ben (2019) The Early Evolution of Stars and Exoplanet Systems: Exploring and Exploiting Nearby, Young Stars. Astro2020 Science White Paper, . (Unpublished) http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190619-083616757

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Abstract

Our knowledge of the population of young (age ≾750 Myr) stars that lie within ~120 pc of the Sun is rapidly accelerating. The vast majority of these nearby, young stars can be placed in kinematically coherent groups (nearby, young moving groups; NYMGs). NYMGs and their member stars afford unmatched opportunities to explore a wide variety of aspects of the early evolution of stars and exoplanet systems, including stellar initial mass functions and age determination methods; the magnetic activities and high-energy radiation environments of young, late-type stars; the dynamics of young binary and hierarchical multiple systems; the late evolutionary stages of circumstellar disks; and, especially, direct-imaging discovery and characterization of massive young exoplanets. In this Astro2020 Science White Paper, we describe how our understanding of these and many other aspects of the early lives of stars and planetary systems is ripe for progress over the next decade via the identification and study of NYMG members with present and next-generation facilities and instruments.


Item Type:Report or Paper (White Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/1903.06242arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Bowler, Brendan0000-0003-2649-2288
Currie, Thayne0000-0002-7405-3119
Dupuy, Trent0000-0001-9823-1445
Gagné, Jonathan0000-0002-2592-9612
Liu, Michael0000-0003-2232-7664
Mamajek, Eric0000-0003-2008-1488
Mawet, Dimitri0000-0002-8895-4735
Shkolnik, Evgenya0000-0002-7260-5821
Song, Inseok0000-0002-5815-7372
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190619-083616757
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190619-083616757
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:96514
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Jun 2019 17:16
Last Modified:19 Jun 2019 17:16

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