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The Demographics and Atmospheres of Giant Planets with the ELTs

Bowler, Brendan and Sallum, Steph and Boss, Alan and Brandt, Timothy and Briesemeister, Zack and Bryan, Marta and Close, Laird and Crepp, Justin and Currie, Thayne and Fortney, Jonathan and Girard, Julien and Jensen-Clem, Rebecca and Kama, Mihkel and Kraus, Adam and Konopacky, Quinn and Liu, Michael and Marley, Mark and Marois, Christian and Mawet, Dimitri and Meshkat, Tiffany and Meyer, Michael and Morley, Caroline and Nielsen, Eric and Skemer, Andrew and Wang, Jason and Wu, Ya-Lin (2019) The Demographics and Atmospheres of Giant Planets with the ELTs. Astro2020 Science White Paper, . (Unpublished)

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Gas giants are the most readily detectable exoplanets but fundamental questions about their system architectures, formation, migration, and atmospheres have been unanswerable with the current generation of ground- and space-based facilities. The dominant techniques to detect and characterize giant planets − radial velocities, transits, direct imaging, microlensing, and astrometry − are each isolated to a limited range of planet masses, separations, ages, and temperatures. These windows into the arrangement and physical properties of giant planets have spawned new questions about the timescale and location of their assembly; the distributions of planet mass and orbital separation at young and old ages; the composition and structure of their atmospheres; and their orbital and rotational angular momentum architectures. The ELTs will address these questions by building bridges between these islands of mass, orbital distance, and age. The angular resolution, collecting area, all-sky coverage, and novel instrumentation suite of these facilities are needed to provide a complete map of the orbits and atmospheric evolution of gas giant planets (0.3−10 M_(Jup)) across space (0.1−100 AU) and time (1 Myr to 10 Gyr). This white paper highlights the scientific potential of the GMT and TMT to address these outstanding questions, with a particular focus on the role of direct imaging and spectroscopy of large samples of giant planets that will soon be made available with Gaia.

Item Type:Report or Paper (White Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Bowler, Brendan0000-0003-2649-2288
Bryan, Marta0000-0002-6076-5967
Close, Laird0000-0002-2167-8246
Mawet, Dimitri0000-0002-8895-4735
Meshkat, Tiffany0000-0001-6126-2467
Wang, Jason0000-0003-0774-6502
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), Astronomy Department
Series Name:Astro2020 Science White Paper
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190619-133911809
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:96568
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Jun 2019 20:49
Last Modified:28 Oct 2019 21:54

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