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Hanbury Brown and Twiss interferometry with twisted light

Magaña-Loaiza, Omar S. and Mirhosseini, Mohammad and Cross, Robert M. and Rafsanjani, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi and Boyd, Robert W. (2016) Hanbury Brown and Twiss interferometry with twisted light. Science Advances, 2 (4). Art. No. e1501143. ISSN 2375-2548. PMCID PMC4846462. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1501143.

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The rich physics exhibited by random optical wave fields permitted Hanbury Brown and Twiss to unveil fundamental aspects of light. Furthermore, it has been recognized that optical vortices are ubiquitous in random light and that the phase distribution around these optical singularities imprints a spectrum of orbital angular momentum onto a light field. We demonstrate that random fluctuations of intensity give rise to the formation of correlations in the orbital angular momentum components and angular positions of pseudothermal light. The presence of these correlations is manifested through distinct interference structures in the orbital angular momentum–mode distribution of random light. These novel forms of interference correspond to the azimuthal analog of the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect. This family of effects can be of fundamental importance in applications where entanglement is not required and where correlations in angular position and orbital angular momentum suffice. We also suggest that the azimuthal Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect can be useful in the exploration of novel phenomena in other branches of physics and astrophysics.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription CentralArticle Paper
Rafsanjani, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi0000-0001-7718-5654
Boyd, Robert W.0000-0002-1234-2265
Additional Information:© 2016, The Authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited. Submitted 22 August 2015. Accepted 4 March 2016. Published 8 April 2016. We thank B. Rodenburg, S. Lukishova, J. J. Shanchez-Mondragon, J. Wen, L. Gao, B. Gao, and Z. Yang for helpful discussions. Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Office of Naval Research, CONACyT, and the Mexican Secretaria de Educacion Publica. R.W.B. acknowledges support from the Canada Excellence Research Chairs program. Author contributions: O.S.M.-L. conceived the idea. O.S.M.-L. and M.M. designed the experiment. O.S.M.-L., R.M.C., M.M., and S.M.H.R. performed the experiment. R.M.C., S.M.H.R., O.S.M.-L., and M.M. performed the data analysis. The theoretical description was developed by S.M.H.R., O.S.M.-L., and M.M. The project was supervised by R.W.B. All authors contributed to the discussion of the results and to the writing of the manuscript. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Data and materials availability: All data needed to evaluate the conclusions in the paper are present in the paper and/or Supplementary Materials. Additional data related to this paper may be requested from O.S.M.-L. and R.W.B.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)UNSPECIFIED
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT)UNSPECIFIED
Secretaria de Educacion Publica (SEP)UNSPECIFIED
Canada Research Chairs ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Random optical wave fields; Hanbuy Brown and Twiss; correlations; orbital angular momentum; angular position; azimuthal Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations; coherence theory; entangled photons
Issue or Number:4
PubMed Central ID:PMC4846462
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190628-110705665
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Official Citation:Hanbury Brown and Twiss interferometry with twisted light BY OMAR S. MAGAÑA-LOAIZA, MOHAMMAD MIRHOSSEINI, ROBERT M. CROSS, SEYED MOHAMMAD HASHEMI RAFSANJANI, ROBERT W. BOYD Science Advances 08 Apr 2016: Vol. 2, no. 4, e1501143 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501143
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:96848
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:28 Jun 2019 18:20
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:24

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