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Measurement of mechanical losses in the carbon nanotube black coating of silicon wafers

Prokhorov, L. G. and Mitrofanov, V. P. and Kamai, B. and Markowitz, A. and Ni, Xiaoyue and Adhikari, R. X. (2020) Measurement of mechanical losses in the carbon nanotube black coating of silicon wafers. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 37 (1). Art. No. 015004. ISSN 0264-9381. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190702-111435565

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Abstract

The successful detection of gravitational waves from astrophysical sources carried out by the laser interferometric detectors LIGO and Virgo have stimulated scientists to develop a new generation of more sensitive gravitational wave detectors. In the proposed upgrade called LIGO Voyager, silicon test masses will be cooled to cryogenic temperatures. To provide heat removal from the test masses when they absorb the laser light one can increase their thermal emissivity using a special black coating. We have studied mechanical losses in a carbon nanotube black coating deposited on silicon wafers. The additional thermal noise associated with mechanical loss in this coating was calculated using a value of the product of the coating Young's modulus and the coating mechanical loss angle determined from the measurements. It was found that at temperatures of about 123 K, the additional thermal noise of the LIGO Voyager test mass caused by the carbon nanotube black coating deposited on its barrel is less than the noise associated with the Acktar Black coating and is 20 times less than the noise due to the optical high reflective (HR) coating of the test mass.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ab5357DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Prokhorov, L. G.0000-0002-0869-185X
Kamai, B.0000-0001-6521-9351
Adhikari, R. X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Additional Information:© 2019 IOP Publishing. Received 8 January 2019, revised 28 October 2019; Accepted for publication 31 October 2019; Published 29 November 2019. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Russian Science Foundation Grant No. 17-12-01095 and the MSU Fund at TAPIR. LIGO was constructed by the California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology with funding from the National Science Foundation and operates under cooperative agreement PHY-0757058. This paper has LIGO Document Number LIGO-P1800369.
Group:LIGO, TAPIR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Russian Science Foundation17-12-01095
NSFPHY-0757058
TAPIRUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:interferometric gravitational-wave detectors, silicon test mass, high-emissivity carbon nanotube coating, mechanical loss
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentP1800369
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190702-111435565
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190702-111435565
Official Citation:L G Prokhorov et al 2020 Class. Quantum Grav. 37 015004
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:96886
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Katherine Johnson
Deposited On:01 Nov 2019 21:41
Last Modified:02 Dec 2020 17:35

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