A Caltech Library Service

Design and Impact Response of 3D-Printable Tensegrity-Inspired Structures

Pajunen, Kirsti and Johanns, Paul and Pal, Raj Kumar and Rimoli, Julian J. and Daraio, Chiara (2019) Design and Impact Response of 3D-Printable Tensegrity-Inspired Structures. Materials and Design, 182 . Art. No. 107966. ISSN 0264-1275. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107966.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

[img] Video (MPEG) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Recent studies demonstrate the potential of tensegrity structures as unique building blocks for architected lattices (metamaterials). Key tensegrity characteristics, such as elastic response under severe deformation, high strength-to-weight ratio, and nonlinear behavior, make these structures appealing for dynamic applications. A new method of tessellating tensegrity unit cells with elastically buckling struts in three dimensions has opened new avenues for metamaterials with superior mechanical properties. However, traditional fabrication methods for tensegrity structures are cumbersome and do not allow accurate control of the level of member prestress. To overcome these limitations, we present a design of a 3D-printable, single material structure which has comparable strain energy capacity and compressive response as a tensegrity structure with buckling struts. The structure’s geometry maintains key tensegrity characteristics, thus generating an equivalent mechanical response. Numerical simulations inform quasistatic compression experiments and dynamic drop weight impact tests. The structure’s responses correspond well to the pin-jointed tensegrity, exhibiting desirable characteristics such as post-buckling stability, resilience under severe deformation, high elastic strain energy absorption, and load-limitation. This work is the first to experimentally corroborate theoretical studies of buckling tensegrity structures. We conjecture that the structure presented here has unique potential as a unit cell for manufacturable tensegrity-inspired metamaterials.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Johanns, Paul0000-0002-3093-6753
Pal, Raj Kumar0000-0001-5039-7710
Rimoli, Julian J.0000-0002-8707-2968
Daraio, Chiara0000-0001-5296-4440
Additional Information:© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Received 13 March 2019, Revised 25 May 2019, Accepted 23 June 2019, Available online 2 July 2019. Data Availability: The raw/processed data required to reproduce these findings cannot be shared at this time due to technical or time limitations. This research was conducted with Government support under and awarded by DoD, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) Fellowship, 32 CFR 168a.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)UNSPECIFIED
National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Tensegrity; Metamaterials; Dynamic impact; 3D-printing; Buckling; Architected unit cells
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190709-111117888
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Kirsti Pajunen, Paul Johanns, Raj Kumar Pal, Julian J. Rimoli, Chiara Daraio, Design and impact response of 3D-printable tensegrity-inspired structures, Materials & Design, Volume 182, 2019, 107966, ISSN 0264-1275, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:96998
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Jul 2019 18:43
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:25

Repository Staff Only: item control page