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Cosmological lensing ratios with DES Y1, SPT, and Planck

Prat, J. and Crites, A. T. (2019) Cosmological lensing ratios with DES Y1, SPT, and Planck. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 487 (1). pp. 1363-1379. ISSN 0035-8711. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190726-071830231

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Abstract

Correlations between tracers of the matter density field and gravitational lensing are sensitive to the evolution of the matter power spectrum and the expansion rate across cosmic time. Appropriately defined ratios of such correlation functions, on the other hand, depend only on the angular diameter distances to the tracer objects and to the gravitational lensing source planes. Because of their simple cosmological dependence, such ratios can exploit available signal-to-noise ratio down to small angular scales, even where directly modelling the correlation functions is difficult. We present a measurement of lensing ratios using galaxy position and lensing data from the Dark Energy Survey, and CMB lensing data from the South Pole Telescope and Planck, obtaining the highest precision lensing ratio measurements to date. Relative to the concordance ΛCDM model, we find a best-fitting lensing ratio amplitude of A = 1.1 ± 0.1. We use the ratio measurements to generate cosmological constraints, focusing on the curvature parameter. We demonstrate that photometrically selected galaxies can be used to measure lensing ratios, and argue that future lensing ratio measurements with data from a combination of LSST and Stage-4 CMB experiments can be used to place interesting cosmological constraints, even after considering the systematic uncertainties associated with photometric redshift and galaxy shear estimation.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1309DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.02212arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Prat, J.0000-0002-5933-5150
Additional Information:© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model). Accepted 2019 May 7. Received 2019 April 10; in original form 2018 October 23. Published: 14 May 2019. We have made use of ChainConsumer (Hinton 2016) to analyse Markov chains and to visualize multidimensional posteriors. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey. The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas-Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the University of Nottingham, The Ohio State University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, Texas A&M University, and the OzDES Membership Consortium. Based in part on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The DES data management system is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers AST-1138766 and AST-1536171. The DES participants from Spanish institutions are partially supported by MINECO under grants AYA2015-71825, ESP2015-66861, FPA2015-68048, SEV-2016-0588, SEV-2016-0597, and MDM-2015-0509, some of which include ERDF funds from the European Union. IFAE is partially funded by the CERCA program of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) including ERC grant agreements 240672, 291329, and 306478. We acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), through project number CE110001020, and the Brazilian Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia (INCT) e-Universe (CNPq grant 465376/2014-2). This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics. The United States Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the United States Government retains a non-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for United States Government purposes.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Einstein FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Higher Education Funding Council for EnglandUNSPECIFIED
University of Illinois Urbana-ChampaignUNSPECIFIED
University of ChicagoUNSPECIFIED
Ohio State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Texas A&M UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)UNSPECIFIED
Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Argonne National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
University of California, Santa CruzUNSPECIFIED
University of CambridgeUNSPECIFIED
Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y TecnológicasUNSPECIFIED
University College LondonUNSPECIFIED
DES-Brazil ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
University of EdinburghUNSPECIFIED
ETH ZurichUNSPECIFIED
Fermi National Accelerator LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC)UNSPECIFIED
Institut de Física d’Altes EnergiesUNSPECIFIED
Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Ludwig-Maximilians Universität MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Excellence Cluster UniverseUNSPECIFIED
University of MichiganUNSPECIFIED
National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO)UNSPECIFIED
University of NottinghamUNSPECIFIED
University of PennsylvaniaUNSPECIFIED
University of PortsmouthUNSPECIFIED
Stanford Linear Accelerator CenterUNSPECIFIED
Stanford UniversityUNSPECIFIED
University of SussexUNSPECIFIED
OzDES Membership ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)UNSPECIFIED
NSFAST-1138766
NSFAST-1536171
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)AYA2015-71825
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)ESP2015-66861
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2015-68048
Centro de Excelencia Severo OchoaSEV-2016-0588
Centro de Excelencia Severo OchoaSEV-2016-0597
Programa Estatal de Fomento de la Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia María de MaeztuMDM-2015-0509
European Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Generalitat de CatalunyaUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)240672
European Research Council (ERC)291329
European Research Council (ERC)306478
Australian Research CouncilCE110001020
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)465376/2014-2
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Subject Keywords:gravitational lensing: weak, cosmological parameters, cosmology: observations, large-scale structure of Universe
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190726-071830231
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190726-071830231
Official Citation:J Prat, E Baxter, T Shin, C Sánchez, C Chang, B Jain, R Miquel, A Alarcon, D Bacon, G M Bernstein, R Cawthon, T M Crawford, C Davis, J De Vicente, S Dodelson, T F Eifler, O Friedrich, M Gatti, D Gruen, W G Hartley, G P Holder, B Hoyle, M Jarvis, E Krause, N MacCrann, B Mawdsley, A Nicola, Y Omori, A Pujol, M M Rau, C L Reichardt, S Samuroff, E Sheldon, M A Troxel, P Vielzeuf, J Zuntz, T M C Abbott, F B Abdalla, J Annis, S Avila, K Aylor, B A Benson, E Bertin, L E Bleem, D Brooks, D L Burke, J E Carlstrom, M Carrasco Kind, J Carretero, C L Chang, H-M Cho, R Chown, A T Crites, C E Cunha, L N da Costa, S Desai, H T Diehl, J P Dietrich, M A Dobbs, P Doel, W B Everett, A E Evrard, B Flaugher, P Fosalba, J García-Bellido, E Gaztanaga, E M George, D W Gerdes, T Giannantonio, R A Gruendl, J Gschwend, G Gutierrez, T de Haan, N W Halverson, N L Harrington, W L Holzapfel, K Honscheid, Z Hou, J D Hrubes, D J James, T Jeltema, L Knox, R Kron, K Kuehn, N Kuropatkin, O Lahav, A T Lee, E M Leitch, M Lima, D Luong-Van, M A G Maia, A Manzotti, D P Marrone, J L Marshall, J J McMahon, P Melchior, F Menanteau, S S Meyer, C J Miller, L M Mocanu, J J Mohr, T Natoli, S Padin, A A Plazas, C Pryke, A K Romer, A Roodman, J E Ruhl, E S Rykoff, E Sanchez, J T Sayre, V Scarpine, K K Schaffer, S Serrano, I Sevilla-Noarbe, E Shirokoff, G Simard, M Smith, M Soares-Santos, F Sobreira, Z Staniszewski, A A Stark, K T Story, E Suchyta, M E C Swanson, G Tarle, D Thomas, K Vanderlinde, J D Vieira, V Vikram, A R Walker, J Weller, R Williamson, O Zahn, (The DES and SPT Collaborations), Cosmological lensing ratios with DES Y1, SPT, and Planck, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 487, Issue 1, July 2019, Pages 1363–1379, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1309
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:97428
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Jul 2019 17:51
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:31

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