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Sub-hertz optomechanically induced transparency with a kilogram-scale mechanical oscillator

Bodiya, T. and Sudhir, V. and Wipf, C. and Smith, N. and Buikema, A. and Kontos, A. and Yue, H. and Mavalvala, N. (2019) Sub-hertz optomechanically induced transparency with a kilogram-scale mechanical oscillator. Physical Review A, 100 (1). Art. No. 013853. ISSN 2469-9926. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190729-112019937

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Abstract

Optical interferometers with suspended mirrors are the archetype of all current audio-frequency gravitational-wave detectors. The radiation pressure interaction between the motion of the mirrors and the circulating optical field in such interferometers represents a pristine form of light-matter coupling, largely due to 30 years of effort in developing high-quality optical materials with low mechanical dissipation. However, in all current suspended interferometers, the radiation pressure interaction is too weak to be useful as a resource, and too strong to be neglected. Here, we demonstrate a meter-long interferometer with suspended mirrors, of effective mass 125 g, where the radiation pressure interaction is enhanced by strong optical pumping to realize a cooperativity of 50. In conjunction with modest resolved-sideband operation, this regime is efficiently probed via optomechanically induced transparency of a weak on-resonant probe. The low resonant frequency and high-Q of the mechanical oscillator allows us to demonstrate transparency windows barely 100 mHz wide at room temperature. Together with a near-unity (≈99.9%) out-coupling efficiency, our system saturates the theoretical delay-bandwidth product, rendering it an optical buffer capable of seconds-long storage times.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.100.013853DOIArticle
https://journals.aps.org/pra/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevA.100.013853PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2019 American Physical Society. Received 25 December 2018; published 29 July 2019. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation via Grants No. PHY-1707840 and No. PHY-1404245. V.S. is supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation Fellowship Grant No. P2ELP2_178231. LIGO was constructed by the California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology with funding from the National Science Foundation and operates under cooperative agreement No. PHY-0757058. This paper has LIGO Document Number LIGO-P1800358.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFPHY-1707840
NSFPHY-1404245
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)P2ELP2_178231
NSFPHY-0757058
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentLIGO-P1800358
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190729-112019937
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190729-112019937
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:97487
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Jul 2019 18:29
Last Modified:29 Jul 2019 18:29

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