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A search for features in early-type galaxies

Ebneter, Kate and Djorgovski, S. and Davis, Marc (1988) A search for features in early-type galaxies. Astronomical Journal, 95 (2). pp. 422-437. ISSN 0004-6256. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190806-142508681

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Abstract

We have conducted a search for dust lanes, incipient stellar disks, bars, shells, and other deviations from elliptical symmetry in a sample of 159 early-type galaxies. The data are from the CCD surface-photometry survey of Djorgovski (1985a), for which the selection effects are well understood. The image-processing technique used is division by a purely elliptical model image, constructed from the surfacephotometry profiles for a given object (best-fit surface brightness, ellipticity, and position angle as functions of semimajor axis). Our sample contains 116 elliptical galaxies, 33 SO galaxies, and ten intermediate types. Some galaxies that might better be classified as “dusty ellipticals“ (in that they contain no obvious stellar disk) are included among the SOs. Forty-two of the ellipticals (36%) either definitely or very likely contain dust, either in patches or in well-defined lanes or rings. Five of the E/SO galaxies (50%) also show possible or definite dust, as do 15 (47%) of the SOs. Three of the elliptical galaxies definitely contain stellar disks, with several more possible candidates. Thus, approximately 50% of the elliptical galaxies show “features“ of some kind. The detection of features is dependent on the signal-to-noise ratio of the data, so these numbers represent lower limits. The presence of dust in the galaxies classified as ellipticals does not seem to depend on any intrinsic characteristic of the galaxy. The dusty ellipticals do seem to prefer low-density environments. The “elliptical“ galaxies with disks tend to have higher ellipticities and larger two-wave Fourier residuals, an effect also described by Carter ( 1987). These galaxies may be preferentially found in higher-density environments, and may be lower-luminosity systems, but these statements are based on very small-number statistics (ten galaxies out of a total of 116), and no strong conclusions may be drawn. However, our results clearly further blur the distinction between ellipticals and SOs.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1086/114644DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Djorgovski, S.0000-0002-0603-3087
Additional Information:© 1988 American Astronomical Society. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System. Received 22 May 1987; revised 7 October 1987. Based in part on data obtained at Lick Observatory, University of California. This work was supported in part by the NSF grant AST-8614552. We would like to thank the staff of Lick Observatory for their help in obtaining the data used in this work, Tod Lauer for communicating his model-image-generating subroutine to us, Tom Statler for numerous illuminating discussions, and Rosie Wyse for useful comments on the manuscript and general moral support. K. E. acknowledges the support of an Amelia Earhart Fellowship from Zonta International, and a Graduate Opportunity Fellowship from the University of California. S. D. acknowledges partial support from Harvard University.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFAST-8614552
Zonta InternationalUNSPECIFIED
University of CaliforniaUNSPECIFIED
Harvard UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190806-142508681
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190806-142508681
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:97678
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:07 Aug 2019 17:27
Last Modified:07 Aug 2019 17:31

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