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Inductively coupled plasma hydrogenation of LWIR type-II superlattices

Boieriu, Paul and Grein, Christoph and Buurma, Christopher and Feldman, Jered and Pimpinella, Richard and Ciani, Anthony and Soibel, Alexander and Ting, David Z. (2019) Inductively coupled plasma hydrogenation of LWIR type-II superlattices. In: Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XVI. Proceedings of SPIE. No.10926. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 109260I. ISBN 9781510624948.

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Type-II superlattices (T2SLs) have several fundamental advantages over bulk infrared-sensitive materials due to larger band edge effective masses and the ability to have their band structures engineered to suppress Auger recombination, leading to lowering tunneling currents, longer carrier lifetimes and higher ideal sensitivity. Realizing in practice the potential performance gains relies heavily on reducing the number or efficacy of defects that form Shockley-Read-Hall (SRH) recombination centers, which otherwise limit carrier lifetimes. InAs/GaInSb T2SLs typically have relatively short minority carrier lifetimes in comparison with bulk HgCdTe, which has limited the detectivities of photodetectors based on these T2SLs at both cryogenic and ambient operating temperatures. Studies have shown that InAs/InAsSb T2SLs lattice matched to GaSb substrates are comparable in ideal photodiode performance to InAs/GaInSb ones. Reducing the electrical activity of defects by passivating them with hydrogen is equivalent to lowering their density, and has proven successful in other semiconductor systems. We report here results from Ga-free and Ga-containing T2SLs exposed to inductively-coupled plasmas (ICPs). Our technical approach consisted of characterizing the basic material properties of LWIR InAs/InAsSb T2SL wafers and device performance of LWIR InAs/GaSb T2SL photodiodes that were bulk-passivated with atomic hydrogen, and comparing with unpassivated samples. On average, the in-plane Hall electron mobility increased from 1800 cm^2/Vs to 6800 cm^2/Vs after hydrogenation. ICP hydrogenation also improved the minority carrier lifetime for each of the explored ICP conditions. Lifetime values increased from an average of 80 ns before hydrogenation to almost 200 ns, a relative increase of over 200%, suggest that some recombination-mediating defects have been at least partially passivated. The Hall mobility improvements were found to be rather stable over the considered short periods of room temperature storage.

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Additional Information:© 2019 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:10926
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190822-134055351
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Official Citation:Paul Boieriu, Christoph Grein, Christopher Buurma, Jered Feldman, Richard Pimpinella, Anthony Ciani, Alexander Soibel, and David Z. Ting "Inductively coupled plasma hydrogenation of LWIR type-II superlattices", Proc. SPIE 10926, Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XVI, 109260I (8 March 2019);
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:98129
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:22 Aug 2019 20:52
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:36

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