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Yttrium-doped barium fluoride crystals for future HEP experiments (Conference Presentation)

Zhu, Ren-Yuan (2018) Yttrium-doped barium fluoride crystals for future HEP experiments (Conference Presentation). In: Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XX. Proceedings of SPIE. No.10762. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 1076205. ISBN 9781510620957. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190823-095040878

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Abstract

In high energy physics (HEP) and nuclear physics experiments, total absorption electromagnetic calorimeters (ECAL) made of inorganic crystals are known for their superb energy resolution and detection efficiency for photon and electron measurements. A crystal ECAL is thus the choice for those experiments where precision measurements of photons and electrons are crucial for their physics missions. Because of its ultrafast scintillation component with sub nanosecond decay time, BaF2 crystals are considered as a candidate for an ultrafast crystal calorimeter for future high energy physics experiments, where unprecedented event rate and radiation environment are expected. Undoped BaF2, however, has also a slow scintillation component with 600 ns decay time, which causes pile-up. Rare earth doping with La, La/Ce and Y was found effective to suppress the slow component. While typical fast/slow (F/S) ratio observed in undoped BaF2 is 1/5, La doping and La/Ce co-doping were found to improve this ratio to about 1/1, which is considered not sufficient for pile-up suppression. It was found recently that yttrium doping is more effective in improving the F/S ratio, while maintaining the intensity of its ultrafast light not changed. This novel ultrafast scintillator with excellent radiation hardness will find wide applications for future HEP experiments, ranged from ultrafast timing detector at the HL-LHC to ultrafast calorimeter for the proposed Mu2e-II experiment at Fermilab. Applications of this ultrafast crystal scintillator for Gigahertz hard X-ray imaging for the proposed Marie project at LANL will also be discussed.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2322016DOIVideo
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Zhu, Ren-Yuan0000-0003-3091-7461
Additional Information:© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:10762
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190823-095040878
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190823-095040878
Official Citation:Ren-Yuan Zhu "Yttrium-doped barium fluoride crystals for future HEP experiments (Conference Presentation)", Proc. SPIE 10762, Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XX, 1076205 (18 September 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2322016
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:98159
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:23 Aug 2019 16:58
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:38

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