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Optical design of PICO: a concept for a space mission to probe inflation and cosmic origins

Young, Karl and Bock, Jamie (2018) Optical design of PICO: a concept for a space mission to probe inflation and cosmic origins. In: Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave. Proceedings of SPIE. No.10698. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 1069846. ISBN 9781510619494.

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The Probe of Inflation and Cosmic Origins (PICO) is a probe-class mission concept currently under study by NASA. PICO will probe the physics of the Big Bang and the energy scale of inflation, constrain the sum of neutrino masses, measure the growth of structures in the universe, and constrain its reionization history by making full sky maps of the cosmic microwave background with sensitivity 80 times higher than the Planckspace mission. With bands at 21-799 GHz and arcmin resolution at the highest frequencies, PICO will make polarization maps of Galactic synchrotron and dust emission to observe the role of magnetic fields in Milky Way's evolution and star formation. We discuss PICO's optical system, focal plane, and give current best case noise estimates. The optical design is a two-reflector optimized open-Dragone design with a cold aperture stop. It gives a diffraction limited field of view (DLFOV) with throughput of 910 cm^2 sr at 21 GHz. The large 82 square degree DLFOV hosts 12,996 transition edge sensor bolometers distributed in 21 frequency bands and maintained at 0.1 K. We use focal plane technologies that are currently implemented on operating CMB instruments including three-color multi-chroic pixels and multiplexed readouts. To our knowledge, this is the first use of an open-Dragone design for mm-wave astrophysical observations, and the only monolithic CMB instrument to have such a broad frequency coverage. With current best case estimate polarization depth of 0.65 µKCMB-arcmin over the entire sky, PICO is the most sensitive CMB instrument designed to date.

Item Type:Book Section
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Bock, Jamie0000-0002-5710-5212
Additional Information:© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). This Probe mission concept study is funded by NASA grant #NNX17AK52G. Gianfranco de Zotti acknowledges financial support from the ASI/University of Roma-Tor Vergata agreement n. 2016-24-H.0 for study activities of the Italian cosmology community. Jacques Delabrouille acknowledges financial support from PNCG for participating to the PICO study.
Group:Astronomy Department
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)2016-24-H.0
Programme National de Cosmologie et Galaxies (PNCG)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Cosmic microwave background, cosmology, mm-wave optics, polarimetry, instrument design, satellite, mission concept
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:10698
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190826-102810867
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Karl Young, Marcelo Alvarez, Nicholas Battaglia, Jamie Bock, Jullian Borrill, David Chuss, Brendan Crill, Jacques Delabrouille, Mark Devlin, Laura Fissel, Raphael Flauger, Daniel Green, Kris Gorski, Shaul Hanany, Richard Hills, Johannes Hubmayr, Bradley Johnson, William Jones, Lloyd Knox, Alan Kogut, Charles Lawrence, Tomotake Matsumura, James McGuire, Jeff McMahon, Roger O'Brient, Clement Pryke, Brian M. Sutin, Xin Zhi Tan, Amy Trangsrud, Qi Wen, and Gianfranco De Zotti "Optical design of PICO: a concept for a space mission to probe inflation and cosmic origins", Proc. SPIE 10698, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 1069846 (2 August 2018);
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:98228
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Aug 2019 17:38
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:37

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