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Repeated creep events on the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield, California, Recorded by a strainmeter array

Goulty, Neil R. and Gilman, Ralph (1978) Repeated creep events on the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield, California, Recorded by a strainmeter array. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 83 (B11). pp. 5415-5419. ISSN 2169-9313. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190911-084546760

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Abstract

Following the 1966 Parkfield‐Cholame (California) earthquakes a creepmeter was installed across the fresh surface break of the San Andreas fault at Carr Ranch (now part of the Jack Ranch), 10 km southeast of Parkfield. It has recorded continuing slip which since the end of 1968 has occurred at about 10 mm yr^(−1), occurring primarily in discrete events at intervals of a few months. In April 1976 an array of four strainmeters was installed near this creepmeter at distances between 0.2 and 2.2 km from the fault to detect the elastic strain fields associated with creep events on the fault. Four similar sets of signals have since been observed on the strainmeter array, separated by intervals of 4 to 5 months. A week after three of these events, creep began at the Carr Ranch creepmeter, but no signals were detected by the strainmeters while the creepmeter was recording slip. Analysis of the strainmeter signals shows that they can be modeled by a slip zone on the fault 640 m long and extending from 30 to 510 m in depth, with right lateral slip of about 3.5 mm. Propagation of a dislocation from the lower northwest corner of the slip zone to the upper southeast corner is indicated. The phenomenon may be due to an asperity or an area of higher friction on the fault at Carr Ranch, which is repeatedly loaded to failure by steady slip on the fault around it. This is the first report of a well‐defined fault creep event which repeats itself with a high degree of similarity and which has been observed at a distance of over 2 km from the fault.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1029/JB083iB11p05415DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 1978 by the American Geophysical Union. Paper number 8B0599. Received November 2, 1977; revised June 7, 1978; accepted June 8, 1978. This project was started while N.R.G. held a research fellowship at the California Institute of Technology. He has since been supported by the Natural Environment Research Council. Funding was provided by the U.S. Geological Survey under contract 14-08-0001-15860. We thank the Hearst Corporation and Lorens Foard for permission to operate on the Jack Ranch; Don Anderson for initiating the project; Clarence Allen, Bob Burford, and Geoffrey King for discussions; and Tom Heaton, Nat Motta, Jose Rial, and Elmer Steffensen for practical help. Charles Frank and Stuart McHugh made useful criticisms of the manuscript. Contribution 2976 of the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)UNSPECIFIED
USGS14-08-0001-15860
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences2976
Issue or Number:B11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190911-084546760
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190911-084546760
Official Citation:Goulty, N. R., and Gilman, R. (1978), Repeated creep events on the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield, California, Recorded by a strainmeter array, J. Geophys. Res., 83 (B11), 5415–5419, doi:10.1029/JB083iB11p05415
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:98566
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:11 Sep 2019 18:20
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:42

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