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Nucleosynthetic, radiogenic and stable strontium isotopic variations in fine- and coarse-grained refractory inclusions from Allende

Charlier, B. L. A. and Tissot, F. L. H. and Dauphas, N. and Wilson, C. J. N. (2019) Nucleosynthetic, radiogenic and stable strontium isotopic variations in fine- and coarse-grained refractory inclusions from Allende. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 265 . pp. 413-430. ISSN 0016-7037. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190913-095500320

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Abstract

We present new nucleosynthetic, radiogenic and stable Sr isotopic data from fifteen previously studied CAIs from the Allende CV3 meteorite, including the highly altered Curious Marie inclusion. We use double-spike TIMS techniques to determine the degrees of isotopic mass fractionation, and also present internally normalised data for the same sample digestions to permit comparisons with previous studies and couple these isotopic data with Rb, Sr, Eu and Th abundance data to consider the origins and relationships of the isotopic variations documented here. Analysed CAIs display elevated μ^(84)Sr anomalies of +58 ppm to +287 ppm, with variability far outside of analytical uncertainties (13 ppm 2 s.d.). We cannot tell at present whether these variations arise from heterogeneities in p-process ^(84)Sr or in the other non-radiogenic isotopes of Sr (^(86)Sr, ^(88)Sr) that are produced by the main s-process, weak s-process, and r-process. All inclusions fall on an offset mass-dependent fractionation line in three-isotope space (δ^(88/86)Sr vs δ^(84/86)Sr) identical within error to that previously defined by bulk undifferentiated meteorites, and have a total range of δ^(88/86)Sr of ∼5.3 ‰ (+1.67 ‰ to -3.67 ‰), reflecting kinetic isotope effects during partial condensation/evaporation and/or low-temperature alteration processes. CI-normalized Sr/Th ratios in our CAIs correlate with normalized Eu/Th ratios with a ∼1:1 relationship, regardless of texture or Sr-isotopic values. This indicates that Sr and Eu had similar condensation behaviors with Eu condensing as Eu^(2+) and having the same chemical behavior in minerals as Sr^(2+) under conditions relevant to CAI formation in the solar nebula. Rb/Th ratios are highly variable: fine-grained CAIs display elevated Rb/Th ratios, consistent with the introduction of Rb into the CAIs by alkali-rich secondary alteration fluids. The μ ^(84)Sr anomalies measured in our CAIs are similar (in magnitude) to those found in carbonaceous chondrites that formed in the outer part of the solar system. A way to reconcile this observation with the formation of CAIs near the Sun would be if the inventories of Sr and other refractory elements in carbonaceous chondrites are dominated by a cryptic refractory dust component (CRD) that was formed early and near the Sun, and was subsequently transported outwards to the carbonaceous chondrite-forming region.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.09.005DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Tissot, F. L. H.0000-0001-6622-2907
Dauphas, N.0000-0002-1330-2038
Additional Information:© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. Received 16 September 2018, Accepted 4 September 2019, Available online 12 September 2019. We thank Greg Brennecka, Glenn MacPherson and two anonymous reviewers for their thorough and incisive reviews which helped clarify our presentation and thinking. We also thank Qing-zhu Yin for his comments and Jeffrey Catalano for final editorial handling. This work was supported by a Crosby Postdoctoral Fellowships (MIT) and NSF grant (EAR1824002) to FT, and NASA grants NNX17AE86G (LARS), NNX17AE87G (Emerging Worlds), and 80NSSC17K0744 (Habitable Worlds) to ND.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)UNSPECIFIED
NSFEAR-1824002
NASANNX17AE86G
NASANNX17AE87G
NASA80NSSC17K0744
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190913-095500320
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190913-095500320
Official Citation:B.L.A. Charlier, F.L.H. Tissot, N. Dauphas, C.J.N. Wilson, Nucleosynthetic, radiogenic and stable strontium isotopic variations in fine- and coarse-grained refractory inclusions from Allende, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 265, 2019, Pages 413-430, ISSN 0016-7037, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.09.005. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703719305721)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:98640
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 Sep 2019 17:09
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:43

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